What is the philosophy of Azadari (mourning and lamentation) for Imam Husain?


Question :
What is the philosophy of Azadari (mourning and lamentation) for Imam Husain?
Answer :
There is no doubt that the tragedy of Karbala, when ascribed to the killers, is a criminal and terrible act. However when ascribed to Husain (A.S) himself, it represents a conscious confrontation and a courageous resistance for a sacred cause. The whole nation had failed to stand up to Yazid. They had succumbed to his will, and deviation and regression towards the pre-Islamic ways were increasing.

Passiveness by Husain (A.S) in this situation would have meant the end of Islam as we know it. Thus Husain (A.S) took upon himself the responsibility of the whole nation. The greatest tragedy was that one who stood up for the noblest of causes, the defense of Islam, was cut down in so cruel a manner.

It is for this reason that the sacrifice of Husain (A.S) is commemorated annually throughout the Muslim world. Our sorrow never abates as we relive the tragedy.

The commemoration of Ashura on the 10th of Muharram every year serves to remind us of the sacrifices of the family of the Prophet (P.B.U.H). It also makes us aware of the people, then and now, who tried to destroy Islam and the family of the Prophet (P.B.U.H) and all that they stood for – as well as those who watched, listened and did nothing.

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One Response to “What is the philosophy of Azadari (mourning and lamentation) for Imam Husain?”

  1. Maatam of Imam Hussain a.s mentioned/allowed in Ahle Sunnah books and Maatam mentioned in Qu’ran:


    1. The Prophet(pbuh) said; “whoever on the day of Aashura weeps for my son Husein a.s,Allah will please that person at the day of Judgment.”
    #Isba,Vol 1,P226 by ibn Hajar#

    2. Ibn Abbas lost his eye sight due to weeping over Ali(a.s),Hasan(a.s) and Husein(a.s).
    #Muruj al Dahab by Masoodi,Vol1,P392#

    3. When Hasan al Basri heard the Imam Huseyn’s Martydoom,he cried biterly.
    #Ya Nabi al Mavadah,P329#

    4. Imam Abi Bakar al Haythami Narates,I heard the Jins Mourning for Husein ibn Ali a.s.
    #Maima al Zawaid,V9,P199#

    5. The sky Started weeping for Imam Husein a.s.
    By wahabi Molvi Nawab Sideeq Hassan Khan Bhopali in Tafseer fatah ul bayan.

    6. Sara beat her face after the death of Abraham.
    #Al Quran,51:29#

    7. Narated Ali ibn Abi Talib,on the death of Prophet Mohamad pbuh,Ali striking his thigh with hands.
    #Sahi al Bukhari,V9,B92,P446#
    #Sunan al Nasai,V3,P305#
    #Sahi al Muslim,V1,P29#

    8. Fatima Zehra s.a beat her head on Prophet Muhamad’s death.
    #Madarijul Nubuwah,V2,P163#

    9. Hazrat Bilal beat his head on Prophet’s death.
    #Al Nubuwah,V2,P441#

    10. Allah don’t like the Mourning voices but for one who’s Mazloom.
    #Sura Nisa,148#
    #Tafser ibn Kaser,V2,P20#

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