Archive for January, 2016

Rorschach Watchmen

January 15th, 2016, posted in COMiCS, Rorschach
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watchmen, watchmen comic, watchmen Rorschach,crazy, Details, Details With Examples, exam, examples, help, mental case, metal.doctor, Rorschach, Rorschach Test, Rorschach Test Details, Rorschach Test Details With Examples, test, test detials,

Reality is only a Rorschach ink-blot, you know.

– Alan Watts –

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Bloody Lips

January 12th, 2016, posted in LoVE, POEtRY..
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Bloody lips,lips,hot lips,red lips,juicy lips,kiss,smack,kissing,loving,lover,girl lips,

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I Hate The Feeling

January 10th, 2016, posted in Scarface'S DIARY, Words
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I Hate The Feeling,I hate ,hate,feeling,happy,sad,nothing,spinning,emotion,empty,everything

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Urdu dictionary

January 8th, 2016, posted in UNiVERSE
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Urdu Dictionary


Urdu dictionary with collection of Urdu Poetry, Ghazal, Shayaris, Urdu Words with meanings and a good medium for learning urdu. Urdu dictionary online with 50,000 urdu words – URDU DICTIONARY.

				    Alphabet
				    --------
Vowel Pronunciation Key
-----------------------
a  : "u" in "but"
aa : "a" in "far"
e  : "e" in "bed"
i  : "i" in "fit"
ee : "ee" in "feet"
o  : "o" in "code"
u  : "u" in "put"
oo : "oo" in "booed"
au : "ow" in "how"
ai : "ei" in "neighbor"

Notes:  1. ' indicates a glottal stop (pronounced like "uh") in very careful
-----      speech. Normally, however, it is not pronounced at the beginning
	   of a word and in other positions it represents 'aa'.
	2. The combination 'ah' at the end of a word is pronounced like 'aa'
	   or 'e'. For example: 'jagah' could be 'jagaa' or 'jage', i.e., the
	   h is silent.
	3. The combination 'ah' or 'aH' in the middle of a word is pronounced
	   like 'e'.
	4. n. (n period) indicates nasalization.
	5. a - is used to distinguish between sh and s+h, kh and k+h, etc.

Letter	  Transcription				Remarks
------	  -------------				-------

'alif	 :	a	   Could also stand for an unspecified initial vowel
be	 :	b
pe	 :	p	   Does not occur in Arabic
te	 :	t	   Used in native words
Te	 :	T	   Does not occur in Arabic and Persian
se	 :	s	   Used in loan words
jeem	 :	j
che	 :	ch	   Does not occur in Arabic
baRi he  :	H	   Used in loan words
khe	 :	kh
daal	 :	d
Daal	 :	D	   Does not occur in Arabic and Persian
zaal	 :	z	   Used in loan words
re	 :	r
Re	 :	R	   Does not occur in Arabic and Persian
ze	 :	z	   Used in native words
zhe	 :	zh	   Does not occur in Arabic
seen	 :	s
sheen	 :	sh
saad	 :	s	   Used in loan words
zaad	 :	z	   Used in loan words
to-e	 :	t	   Used in loan words
zo-e	 :	z	   Used in loan words
ain	 :	'	   Could also stand for an unspecified initial vowel
ghain	 :	gh
fe	 :	f
qaaf	 :	q
kaaf	 :	k
gaaf	 :	g	   Does not occur in Arabic
laam	 :	l
meem	 :	m
noon	 :	n
vaa-o	 :	w	   Stands for oo/o/au at the end of a word. In the
			   middle it could stand for w/oo/o/au
chhoTi he:	h	   Used in native words
chhoTi ye:	y	   Stand for ee/e/ai at the end of a word. In the
			   middle it could stand for y/ee/e/ai
baRi ye	 :	y	   Occurs only at the end of a word and stands for
			   e or ai

################################################################################

                                   Abbreviations
                                   -------------

		Grammatical			Word Origin
		-----------			-----------
	n.f.	: noun feminine			P : Persian
	n.m.	: noun masculine		A : Arabic
	pron.	: pronoun			T : Turkish
	adj.	: adjective			H : Hindi
	v.	: verb				S : Sanskrit
	adv.	: adverb			G : Greek
	conj.	: conjunction
	intj.	: interjection
	prep.	: preposition
	suff.	: suffix
	pref.	: prefix
	fig.	: figurative
	plu.	: plural
	lit.	: literal
	poet.	: poetic

################################################################################

                                   Vocabulary
                                   ----------

				  'alif (long)
				  ------------
aab:		P	n.m.	water
aab:		P	n.f.	splendor/elegance/polish/brightness/
				temper(steel)/lustre(gems)/sharpness(sword)
	aab-e-aa'inah:	n.f.	polish of a mirror
	aab-e-talkh:	n.m.	bitter water/tears/wine
	aab-e-chashm:	n.m.	tears
aabaad:		P	adj.	populated/inhabited/peopled/prosperous/happy
aabru:		P	n.f.	honor/fame/good name/dignity
aap:		H	pron.	self/selves/respectful term of address
aatish:		P	n.f.	fire
aatmaa:		S	n.f.	soul/spirit/mind
aasim:		A	n.m.	sinner/culprit
aakhir:		A	adj.	last/final
aadaab:		A	n.m.	manners	(plu. of adab)
aadmi:		P	n.m.	man (lit. offspring of Adam)
aadmiyyat:	A	n.f.	humanity/human nature/civility
aaraa:		P	adj.	embellishing/adorning
aaraam:		P	n.m.	rest/repose/respite/relief/ease/comfort
aara'ish	P	n.f.	decoration/adornment/beauty
aarzoo:		P	n.f.	yearning/desire/wish/longing
aaz:		P	n.f.	ardent desire/lust/covetousness
aazaad:		P	n.f.	free/unrestrained
aazardah:	P	adj.	annoyed/dejected/uneasy/gloomy/sad
aazmaa'ish:	P	n.f.	trial/experiment/testing/proving
aas:		H	n.f.	longing/desire/hope/faith/shelter/refuge
aasaan:		P	adj.	light/facile/easy
aasraa:		H	n.m.	means of subsistence/protection/shelter
aasmaan:	P	n.m.	heaven/sky
aasmaani:	P	adj.	heavenly/celestial/azure
aasoodah:	P	adj.	opulent/rich/satisfied
aashaa:		S	n.f.	desire/hope/longing
aashuftah:	P	adj.	perplexed/careworn/distracted/confused
aashnaa:	P	n.m.	aquaintance/friend/lover
aashiyaan.:	P	n.m.	nest/house
aakhaaz:	P	n.m.	commencement/outset/beginning
aaghosh:	P	n.f/m.	embrace/lap/bosom
aafaat:		A	n.f.	evils/disasters/misfortunes (plu. of aafat)
aaftaab:	P	n.m.	sun
aag:		H	n.f.	flame/fire (fig. anger/passion/love/lust)
aalaap:		H	n.f.	conversation/preparatory tuning
aan.ch:		H	n.f.	flame/warmth/fervor/loss/grief
aan.chal:	H	n.m.	corner of the 'dopaTTa' worn by women
aan.dhee:	H	n.f.	dust-storm/hurricane
aan.soo:	H	n.m.	tears
aawaarah:	P	adj.	without home
aawaarah:	P	n.m.	wanderer/vagrant/destitute
aawaaz:		P	n.f.	noise/sound/cry/shout
aawaazah:	P	n.m.	rumor/fame/report/reputation
aah:		P	n.f.	sigh
aahistah:	P	adv.	softly/leisurely/slowly
aa'inah:	P	n.m.	mirror
aayandah:	P	adj.	hereafter/in the future

################################################################################

				  'alif (short)
				  -------------
ab:		H	adv.	now/presently
ubaal:		H	n.m.	boiling/rage/anger
ibtidaa':	A	n.f.	commencement/beginning
abtar:		P	adj.	ruined/scattered/worthless
ibtisaam:	A	n.m.	smile/cheerfulness
ibtilaa:	A	n.m.	trial/misfortune/suffering
abad:		A	n.f.	eternity
abr:		P	n.m.	cloud
abroo:		P	n.m.	eyebrow
absaar:		A	n.m.	eyes (plu. of basr)
ibn:		A	n.m.	son
abnaa':		A	n.m.	sons (plu. of ibn)
ittiHaad:	A	n.m.	union/alliance
ittifaaq:	A	n.m.	agreement/concord/chance/event/opportunity
ittifaaqaan:	A	adv.	accidentally
ittikaa':	A	n.m.	dependence/reliance
itlaaf:		A	n.m.	loss/ruin/decay
itmaam:		A	n.m.	completion/perfection
ittihaam:	A	n.m.	charge/imputation/blame
aTak:		H	n.f.	obstacle/obstruction
isbaat:		A	n.m.	proof
asar:		A	n.m.	mark/sign/trace/effect
ujaaR:		H	adj.	ruined/waste/abandoned
ijaazat:	A 	n.f.	permission/leave/sanction
ajnabee:	A	n.m.	stranger/foreigner/alien
iHtiyaaj:	A	n.f.	need
iHtiyaat:	A	n.f.	caution/heed
aHzaan:		A	n.m.	sorrows (plu. of huzn)
iHsaas:		A	n.m.	feeling/emotion
iHsaan:		A	n.m.	beneficence/favor/good deed
akhbaar:	A	n.m.	news/newspaper
ikhtiyaar:	A	n.m.	choice/option/power/influence/control/authority
akhz:		A	n.m.	grasping/seizing/taking
ikhlaas:	A	n.m.	sincerity/purity/love/selfless worship
adaa:		A	n.f.	payment of debt/settlement
adaa:		P	n.f.	charm/grace/beauty
idraak:		A	n.m.	perception/comprehension
adib:		A	n.m.	learned, man of letters	(plu. udabaa')
iraadah:	A	n.m.	aim/object/will/desire
arjmand:	P	adj.	exalted
urdoo:		T	n.f.	army/camp
irshaad:	A	n.m.	instruction/order/command/guidance
arz:		A	n.f.	land/region/earth
armaan:		P	n.m.	desire/yearning/wish
azal:		A	n.f.	eternity/without beginning
asaas:		A	n.f.	foundation
asbaab:		A	n.m.	causes/motives/means
ustaad:		P	n.m.	master/professor
isti'faa:	A	n.m.	resignation
isti'maal:	A	n.m.	application/usage/use
asad:		A	n.m.	lion
asraar:		A	n.m.	secrets (plu. of sirr)
israaf:		A	n.m.	waste/extravagance
asfaar:		A	n.m.	voyages/travels (plu. of safar)
asqaam:		A	n.m.	evils/weaknesses/defects (plu. of suqm)
asir:		A	n.m.	prisoner/captive
ishaarah:	P	n.m.	gesture/symbol/wink/sign
ishtihaar:	A	n.m.	notification/poster/reputation/renown
ishtiyaaq:	A	n.m.	longing/craving/desire
ishraaq:	A	n.m.	dawn/day break/lustre
ashfaaq:	A	n.m.	favors (plu. of shafaq)
ishfaaq:	A	n.m.	compassion/kindness
ashqiyaa':	A	n.m.	cruel/heartless (plu. of shaqi)
ashk:		P	n.m.	tearS
as-haab:	A	n.m.	lords/masters (plu. of saahib)
israar:		A	n.m.	obduracy/persistence/obstinacy
asl:		A	n.m.	root/foundation/essence (plu. usool)
asli:		A	adj.	original/genuine/real/true
iztiraab:	A	n.m.	restlessness/perturbation/anxiety
iztiraar:	A	n.m.	helplessness/agitation/constraint
atfaal:		A	n.m.	children/offspring (plu. of tifl)
iz-haar:	A	n.m.	disclosure/proclamation/statement/testimony
i'tibaar:	A	n.m.	trust/confidence/faith/reliance
i'tiraaz:	A	n.m.	objection/criticism/protest
i'jaaz:		A	n.m.	miracle/marvel/wonder
i'laam:		A	n.m	announcing/notifying
aghlaat:	A	n.f.	mistakes (plu. of ghalat)
aghyaar:	A	n.m.	strangers/rivals (plu. of ghair)
uftaad:		P	n.f.	misery/distress/mishap/foundation
iftikhaar:	A	n.m.	honor/glory/repute/distinction
ifraat:		A	n.f.	excess/exuberance/plenty
afsaanah:	P	n.m.	tale/legend/fiction
afsurdah:	P	adj.	melancholy/depressed
afsos:		P	n.m.	regret/remorse/dejection
ufaq:		A	n.m.	horizon
iqbaal:		A	n.m.	prosperity/good fortune/success/confession
iqraar:		A	n.m.	promise/pledge/confession/declaration/covenant
iqtizaa':	A	n.m.	requirement/need/demand
akbar:		A	adj.	greatest (sup. of kabir)
aksar:		A	adj.	most/much/many/frequent
aksar:		A	adv.	frequently/usually/generally/often
agar:		P	conj.	if/in case
al:		A	art.	the
iltifaat:	A	n.m.	regard/kindness/favor/friendship
alfaaz:		A	n.m.	words (plu. of lafz)
amaanat:	A	n.f.	something given in trust/deposit/security
imtiHaan:	A	n.m.	examination/test/trial/proof/experiment
imtiyaaz:	A	n.m.	discrimination/discernment/distinction
ummid:		P	n.f.	hope/expectation/trust
intikhaab:	A	n.m.	selection/choice/election
intizaar:	A	n.m.	waiting (anxiously)/expectation
intizaam:	A	n.m.	management/order/method/arrangement
intiqaam:	A	n.m.	revenge/reprisal
anjaam:		A	n.m.	end/conclusion/result/issue
anjuman:	P	n.f.	assembly/meeting/society/council
andaazah:	P	n.m.	measurement/guess/rough estimate
an.dar:		P	prep.	within/inside/inward
insaan:		A	n.m.	man/human being/mankind
insaaniyyat:	A	n.m.	humanity/civility
in'aam:		A	n.m.	gift/reward/largesse
inqilaab:	A	n.m.	revolution
inkaar:		A	n.m.	denial/contradiction
auqaat:		A	n.m.	times (plu. of waqt)
auqaat:		A	n.f.	status/position
awwaal:		A	adj.	first/excellent/best
aulaad:		A	n.f.	children (plu. of walad)
imaan:		A	n.m.	belief/faith/creed/conscience

################################################################################

					be
					--
bi:		A	prep.	by/with/from/in/into/near/on/for/towards
				(Always prefixed to another word)
ba:		P	prep.	by/with/from/in/into/to/on/upon/for/upto
				(Always prefixed to another word)
baa:		P	prep.	with/by/possessed of
baab:		A	n.m.	door/gate/chapter/topic/subject
baabul:		H	n.m.	father
baat:		H	n.f.	word/saying/speech/tale/news/question/business
				proposal/point/gossip/substance
baad:		P	n.f.	wind/air/breeze
baadshaah:	P	n.m.	emperor/king
baadal:		H	n.m.	cloud(s)
baadah:		P	n.m.	wine/spirits
baadiyah:	A	n.m.	wilderness/desert
baadiyah:	P	n.m.	goblet/cup
baar:		H	n.m.	time/turn/chance/opportunity/delay/obstacle
baar:		P	n.m.	burden/load/permission/grief/court
baarish:	P	n.m.	rain
baarah:		P	n.m.	time/turn/about/in regard of
baareek:	P	adj.	fine/slender/delicate/difficult/subtle
baaz:		P	suff.	denotes doer/agent
baaz:		P	n.m.	falcon
baaz:		P	adv.	again/back/refusing
baazaar:	P	n.m.	market
baazaaree:	P	adj.	common/low/vulgar/relating to the market
baazoo:		P	n.m.	arm/fold of a door/flank of an army
baazi:		P	n.f.	sport/game/wager
baazichah:	P	n.m.	toy/fun/sport
baagh:		P	n.m.	garden/orchard/grove
baaqee:		A	adj.	remaining/lasting
baaqee:		A	n.f.	residue/remainder/arrears
baalam:		S	n.m.	a lover/sweet-heart/husband
baam:		P	n.m.	upper storey/terrace/balcony
baan:		P	suff.	signifying keeper or guardian
baan.kaa:	H	adj.	curved/crooked/sly/cunning
baano:		P	n.f.	lady/gentlewoman
bachchah:	P	n.m.	child
baHaal:		A	adj.	status quo/refreshed/happy
baHs:		A	n.f.	dispute/argument/debate/controversy
bukhaar:	A	n.m.	steam/temperature/fever/rage
bakht:		P	n.m.	good fortune/luck/prosperity
bakhshish:	P	n.f.	gift/donation/reward/alms/tip
bad:		P	adj.	bad/wicked/evil
	bad akhtar:	adj.	unfortunate
	bad anjaam:	adj.	having a bad end
	bad tar:	adj.	worse/inferior
	bad chalan:	adj.	of bad conduct/ill-mannered/immoral
	bad khwaab:	n.m./f.	nightmare
	bad du'aa:	n.f.	curse/malediction
	bad sirat:	adj.	ill-tempered
	bad soorat:	adj.	ugly
	bad m'aash:	adj.	roguish
	bad naam:	adj.	disreputable/notorious/ignominous
	bad naseeb:	adj.	unfortunate/unlucky
badr:		A	n.m.	full moon
badal:		A	n.m.	exchange/change/substitution
badlaa:			n.m.	exchange/retaliation/revenge
badan:		A	n.m.	body
baraabar:	P	adj.	equal/even/level/alike/opposite/accurate
bardaasht:	P	n.f.	endurance/tolerance/patience
barsaat:	H	n.f.	rain/rainy season
barkat:		A	n.f.	abundance/prosperity/blessing/auspiciousness
baRhiyaa:	H	adj.	superior/of good quality/expensive
buzurg:		P	adj.	great/venerable/aged/noble
bazm:		P	n.f.	assembly/company (at a feast or entertainment)
bas:		P	adj.	sufficient/enough/plenty
bisaat:		A	n.f.	bedding/carpet/chess board/extent/capacity
bast:		P	n.m.	obstacle/knot/asylum/sanctuary
bistar:		P	n.m.	bed
bismil:		P	n.m.	sacrificial animal/a lover
baseraa:	H	n.m.	roosting/a night's lodging/shelter
bashar:		A	n.m.	man/mortal
basheer:	A	adj.	a messenger of good news
basar:		A	n.f.	sight/vision/the eye
baghaawat:	A	n.f.	revolt/rebellion/disloyalty
baghal:		P	n.f.	armpit/side
balaa:		A	n.m.	calamity/distress/trial/misfortune
buland:		P	adj.	high/lofty/sublime/exalted/tall/loud
billaur:	P	n.m.	crystal/crystal glass/transparent
ban.dish:	P	adj.	composition/elegance of style/plan/obstruction
ban.dagi:	P	n.f.	devotion/worship/service
bandah:		P	n.m.	slave/servant/individual/man
bunyaad:	A	n.f.	foundation
bood:		P	n.f.	being/existence
bahaadur:	P	adj.	brave/valiant/high-spirited
bahaar:		P	n.f.	spring/prime/bloom/beauty/glory/delight
bahaanah:	P	n.m.	excuse/pretext/evasion/reason
bhool:		H	n.f.	forgetfulness/omission/mistake/lapse/fault
	bhool bhulayyaan.:	a maze/labyrinth
be:		P	pref.	without/void of
	be aabroo:	adj.	dishonorable
	be ittifaaqi:	n.f.	discord/disunity
	be iHtiyaati:	n.f.	incautiousness
	be ikhtiyaari:	n.f.	helplessness/without choice
	be adab:	adj.	rude/unmannerly
	be i'tibaar:	adj.	untrustworthy/discredit
	be imtiyaaz:	adj.	indiscriminating
	be an.daazah:	adj.	unlimited/endless
	be insaaf:	adj.	unfair/unjust
	be imaan:	adj.	faithless/liar/cheat
	be bas:		adj.	helpless/weak
	be pardah:	adj.	unveiled/immodest/exposed
	be parwaa:	adj.	heedless/indifferent/above want
	be taab:	adj.	restless/powerless/impatient
	be taasir:	adj.	ineffectual/useless
	be tameez:	adj.	indiscreet/rude/uncultured
	be jaan:	adj.	lifeless
	be jurm:	adj.	faultless
	be chain:	adj.	restless/uneasy
	be Hadd:	adj.	endless/boundless
	be Hayaa:	adj.	shameless/impudent/bare-faced
	be khabar:	adj.	uninformed/ignorant/stupid
	be khataa:	adj.	faultless/innocent
	be khud:	adj.	enraptured/in ecstasy/delirious/senseless
	be daad:	n.f.	iniquity/injustice/oppression
	be daagh:	adj.	spotless/without blemish/innocent
	be dard:	adj.	without feeling/pitiless/merciless
	be rahm:	adj.	merciless/cruel
	be riyaa:	adj.	without guile/candid/sincere
	be zaar:	adj.	disgusted/displeased
	be zabaan:	adj.	dumb/speechless/modest
	be zar:		adj.	destitute/poor
	be sakhtah:	adj.	artless/unaffected/natural/plain
	be saaz:	adj.	without tools or apparatus
	be sabab:	adj.	without cause or reason
	be sharm:	adj.	shameless/immodest
	be sabr:	adj.	impatient
	be taaqat:	adj.	powerless
	be 'izzat:	adj.	without honor or respect
	be gham:	adj.	happy/without sorrow
	be fikr:	adj.	free from care or worry
	be qadr:	adj.	worthless
	be qaraar:	adj.	uneasy/restless/unsettled
	be qusoor:	adj.	innocent/not guilty
	be kaar:	adj.	idle/unemployed/useless
	be kas:		adj.	friendless/lonely
	be gunaah:	adj.	innocent/guiltless
	be ma'ni:	adj.	meaningless/absurd
	be naam:	adj.	without name, character or reputation
	be naseeb:	adj.	unfortunate
	be nazir:	adj.	unequalled/matchless/unique
	be wajh:	adj.	without cause
	be wafaa:	adj.	faithless/ungrateful/treacherous
	be waqoof:	adj.	foolish/stupid/dolt
	be hunar:	adj.	unskilled
	be hosh:	adj.	unconscious
bayaabaan:	P	n.m.	desert/wilderness
bayaan:		A	n.m.	description/statement/account
bait:		A	n.m.	house/abode
bait:		A	n.f.	couple/verse
bedaar:		P	adj.	awake/alert/vigilant
bezaar:		P	adj.	displeased/angry/out of humor
begaanah:	P	adj.	strange/alien/foreign
bimaar:		P	adj.	sick/ill

################################################################################

					pe
					--
paa:		P	n.m.	leg/foot/root of a tree
	paa ban.d:	n.m	fettered/bound/subjugated
	paa maal:	adj.	trodden under foot/ruined
	paa yaab:	adj.	fordable/within man's depth
paar:		H	n.m.	opposite bank/the end/termination
paas:		P	n.m.	custody/regard/supervision
	paas baan:	n.m.	guard/sentinel
	paar daari:	n.f.	favor/partiality/favoritism
pak:		P	adj.	pure/holy/immaculate/chaste/undefiled
pakeezah:	P	adj.	pure/clean/neat
paagal:		H	adj.	mad/insane/idiotic/distressed
paani:		H	n.m.	water/rain/lustre/character/honor
pardah:		P	n.m.	curtain/screen/veil/secrecy/privacy
parastish:	P	n.m.	worship
paraknaa:	H	v.	to examine/to test
parwaanah:	P	n.m.	moth/lover/warrant/permission
parwarish:	P	n.f.	fostering/rearing/sustenance/protecting
pariwash:	P	adj.	fairy-like/beautiful
pareshaan:	P	adj.	troubled/distracted/distressed
pasand:		P	n.f.	choice/approval/preference
pasinaa:	H	n.m.	perspiration/sweat
pashemaan:	P	n.f.	penitent/repentant/ashamed
pal:		H	n.m.	a moment
palak:		H	n.f.	eyelash/a moment/an instant
panaah:		P	n.f.	protection/asylum/refuge
pahlu:		P	n.m.	side/advantage/flank of an army
payaam:		P	n.m.	message
peshaah:	P	n.m.	craft/trade/profession
paighaam:	P	n.m.	message/news/advice
paimaan:	P	n.m.	promise/agreement/oath/confirmation

################################################################################

					te
					--
taab:		P	n.f.	heat/power/endurance/rage
taabish:	P	n.f.	heat/splendour/grief/sorrow
taasir:		A	n.f.	effect/impression
taj:		P	n.m.	crown/tiara
taarikh:	A	n.f.	date/annals
taarik:		P	adj.	dark/obscure
taazah:		P	adj.	fresh/new/tender/happy
taak:		P	n.f.	look/regard/aim/view
tabaah:		P	adj.	ruined/spoiled/depraved/wretched
tabdeel:	A	n.f.	change
tabassum:	A	n.m.	smile/smiling
tajribah:	A	n.m.	experience/experiment/test/proof
toHfaa:		A	n.m.	a gift
takht:		P	n.m.	throne/seat
tadbir:		A	n.f.	deliberation/opinion/advice/arrangement/order
taraanah:	P	n.m.	harmony/symphony/a kind of song
tarjumaan:	A	n.m.	interpreter
tars:		P	n.m.	fear/terror
tars:		H	n.m.	compassion/pity/mercy
tarraqqee:	A	n.f.	elevation/promotion/proficiency
tarkeeb:	A	n.f.	composition/mixture/plan/mode/method
tasallee:	A	n.f.	consolation/comfort/satisfaction
tasleem:	A	n.f.	salutation/greeting/resignation/submission
tashreef:	A	n.f.	honoring
tishnagi:	A	n.f.	thirst/desire/longing
tasawwur:	A	n.m.	imagination/fancy/idea
tasawwuf:	A	n.m.	mysticism
tasweer:	A	n.f.	picture/portrait/painting
ta'ajjub:	A	n.m.	wondering/admiration/amazement/surprise
ta'areef:	A	n.f.	explanation/description/praise/definition
ta'alluq:	A	n.m.	connection/relation/consideration
taqaazaa:	A	n.m.	demanding settlement of a debt/importunity
taqdeer:	A	n.f.	fate/luck
taqriban:	A	adv.	approximately
taqwaa:		A	n.f.	piety/abstinence/fear of God
takleef:	A	n.f.	imposition of a burden/difficulty/inconvenience
talaash:	A	n.f.	search/inquiry/quest
talkh:		P	adj.	bitter/acrimonious/pungent/unpalatable
talwaar:	H	n.f.	sword
tamaashaa:	A	n.m.	entertainment/fun/amusement/sport/spectacle
tamaam:		A	adj.	entire/complete/perfect/end
tameez:		A	n.f.	discernment/judgement/observance of etiquette
tan:		P	n.m.	body
tanqiH:		A	n.f.	cleaning/investigation/inquiry/issue
tangi:		P	n.f.	narrowness/hardship/poverty
tanhaa:		P	adj.	alone/solitary
taubah:		P	n.m.	repentance
	taubah taubah:	intj.	Heaven forbid!
tauheen:	A	n.f.	disgrace/contempt/defamation/dishonor/insult
taiyaar:	P	adj.	ready/prepared/finished/alert/ripe
teer:		P	n.m.	arrow
tez:		P	adj.	sharp/keen/caustic/pungent/swift/clever
tegh:		P	n.m.	sword/dagger

################################################################################

					Te
					--
Taan.g:		H	n.f.	the leg/a share
Tapaknaa:	H	v.	to leak/to drip/to fall down (fruits)
Takkar:		H	n.f.	collision/encounter/rivalry/competition
TukRaa:		H	n.m.	a piece/a morsel/a part/fraction
TooT:		H	n.f.	breaking/fracture/loss
Thikaanaa:	H	n.m.	fixed abode/proper place/goal/limit
ThanD:		H	n.f.	cold/chill
Thokar:		H	n.f.	obstacle/kick/stumble
TeRh:		H	n.f.	crookedness

################################################################################

					se
					--
saabit:		A	adj.	confirmed/established/fixed/stable
saabit:		A	n.m.	a fixed star
saaqib:		A	adj.	shining brightly/splendid/sublime
sabaat:		A	n.m.	stability/endurance/resolution/constancy
sabt:		A	n.m.	permanence/a seal/writing
suboot:		A	n.m.	evidence/proof/conviction/constancy/stability
saarwat:	A	n.f.	wealth/power/influence
saraa:		A	n.m.	the earth
siqaafat:	A	n.f.	culture
siqaalat:	A	n.f.	burden/weight
siqaahat:	A	n.f.	reliability/trustworthiness
sawaab:		A	n.m.	reward/recompense
sawaabit:	A	n.m.	the fixed stars (plu. of saabit)

################################################################################

					jeem
					----
jaadu:		P	n.m.	magic/conjuring/charm/effect of evil spirits
jaazib:		A	adj.	alluring/attractive
jaaree:		A	adj.	running/flowing/current/continuing
jaagir:		P	n.f.	a fief
jaam:		P	n.m.	goblet
jaan:		P	n.f.	soul/life/mind/vigor/sweetheart/beloved
jaanee:		P	adj.	of or relating to life
jaanee:		P	n.m.	a beloved/a lover
jaahil:		A	adj.	ignorant/illiterate/barbarous
jaa'edaad:	P	n.f.	property/estate/assets
jaa'iz:		H	adj.	legal/permitted
jabeen.:	P	n.f.	the forehead
judaa:		P	adj.	separate/apart/asunder/peculiar
judaaee:	P	adj.	separation/absence
jazb:		A	n.m.	allurement/attraction
jazbah:		A	n.m.	passion/rage/desire/feeling
jurm:		A	n.m.	crime/guilt
jurmaanah:	P	n.m.	fine/penalty
justjoo:	P	n.f.	search/inquiry
jism:		A	n.m.	body
jashn:		P	n.m.	a feast/celebration
ja'l:		A	n.f.	counterfeit
jafaa:		P	n.f.	oppression/injustice/injury
jigar:		P	n.m.	liver/heart/soul/mind
jalaal:		A	n.m/f.	splendor/majesty
jalwah:		A	n.m.	lustre/splendour/display/show
jamaal:		A	n.m.	beauty/elegance
janaab:		A	intj.	sir!/your honor!
janaazah:	A	n.m.	corpse/funeral
jumbish:	P	n.f.	movement
jannat:		A	n.f.	paradise/garden
jang:		P	n.f.	battle/war
junoon:		A	n.m.	madness/insanity
jawaab:		A	n.m.	answer/equal/parallel/match
jawaan:		P	adj.	young/youth
jawaahir:	A	n.m.	jewls/gems (plu. of jauhar)
josh:		P	n.m.	heat/zeal/enthusiasm/passion/lust
jahaaz:		A	n.m.	ship/vessel
jahaan:		P	n.m.	the world
jahaannum:	A	n.f.	hell
jeewan:		H	n.m.	life/existence

################################################################################

					che
					---
chaarah:	P	n.m.	remedy/cure/help/aid/resource
chaadar:	P	n.f.	a sheet/veil/waterfall
chaaq:		T	adj.	active/alert/healthy/fat/hale and hearty
chaaqoo:	P	n.m.	a small knife
chaal:		H	n.f.	gait/walk/custom/trick/strategem
chaalaak:	P	adj.	clever/expert/cunning/nimble
chaan.d:	H	n.m.	the moon
chaan.dani:	H	n.f.	moonlight
chaan.di:	H	n.f.	silver/wealth
chaah:		H	n.f.	desire/love/affection/need/choice
chitwan:	H	n.f.	look/glance/appearance
charaagh:	P	n.m.	lamp
charaagaah:	P	n.f.	meadow/pasture
chust:		P	adj.	alert/active/clever/quick/tight
cashm:		P	n.f.	eye/hope
	chasm-e-baddoor:intj.	God preserve from evil eyes!
	chashm-o-chiraagh:n.m.	light of the eye/dearly beloved
chasmak:	P	n.m.	wink/winking/misunderstanding/spectacles
chakaan.:	P	adj.	dropping/distilling
chilman:	H	n.m.	a venetian blind
chamak:		H	n.f.	glitter/splendour/flash/gleam
chaman:		P	n.m.	flower garden
chand:		P	adj.	how many/how much/few/how often/how long
chah:		P	suff.	used to form dimunitives
chehraa:	P	n.m.	face/visage/a mask
cheez:		P	n.f.	thing/commodity
chain:		H	n.m.	ease/comfort/rest/peace

Word beginning with baRi he/khe

################################################################################

				     baRi he
				     -------
Haatim:		A	n.m.	generous (derived from Haatim Tai)
Haadisah:	A	n.m.	accident/occurence/calamity/misfortune
Haazir:		A	adj.	present/ready/in attendance
Haakim:		A	n.m.	ruler/governor/judge/an official
Haal:		A	n.m.	state/condition/narrative/circumstance
Haalat:		A	n.f.	condition/state/circumstance (plu. Haalaat)
Hubb:		A	n.f.	love/friendship/desire/affection/wish
Habeeb:		A	n.m.	beloved/sweetheart/comrade/friend
Hijaab:		A	n.m.	veil/modesty/bashfulness/night
Hadd:		A	n.f.	boundary/limit
Hadd:		A	adv.	very/at most/utmost point
Hiddat:		A	n.f.	sharpness/fury/acrimony/poignancy
Hads:		A	n.m.	novelty/innovation
Hudood:		A	n.m/f.	boundaries/penal laws
Hizaaqat:	A	n.m.	Intelligence/wisdom
Haraarat:	A	n.f.	heat/fever/ardor/fervor/zeal
Haraam:		A	adj.	unlawful/forbidden
Hirs:		A	n.f.	eager/greediness/desire/ambition
Hoorriyat:	A	n.f.	emancipation/freedom
Hazm:		A	n.m.	firmness of mind/resolve
Huzn:		A	n.m.	grief/sadness/sorrow
Hisaab:		A	n.m.	reckoning/account/computation/rate/sense
Hasrat:		A	n.f.	regret/intense sorrow/desire/longing
Husn:		A	n.f.	beauty/elegance
Haseen:		A	adj.	beautiful/elegant/charming/handsome
Hashmat:	A	n.f.	state/dignity/pomp/retinue
Hisaar:		A	n.m.	fort/enclosure/fence
Husool:		A	n.m.	acquisition/profit/advantage/achievement
Hissah:		A	n.m.	share/portion/lot
Hazrat:		A	n.m.	dignity/a title of respect
Huzoor:		A	n.m.	presence of superior authority
Huzoor:		A	intj.	Your Highness!
Hifaazat:	A	n.f.	guarding/security/safety
Haqq:		A	adj.	just/truth/right
Haqeeqat:	A	n.f.	truth/reality/narration/condition
Hukm:		A	n.m.	order/decree/statute/law
Hikmat:		A	n.f.	wisdom/knowledge/cleverness/device
Hakeem:		A	n.m.	wise man/doctor/philosopher
Halaal:		A	adj.	legal/permitted
Himaayat:	A	n.f.	protection/patronage/support/defence
Hamlah:		A	n.m.	attack/assault/invasion
Hawaas:		A	n.m.	the senses
Hawaalah:	A	n.m.	charge/custody/care
Hoor:		A	n.f.	virgin of Paradise/nymph
Hausalah:	A	n.m.	capacity/courage/spirit/resolution/desire
Hayaa:		A	n.f.	modesty/shame
Hayaat:		A	n.f.	life/existence
Haiseeyat:	A	n.f.	rank/capacity/merit/status/prestige
Hairaan:	A	adj.	amazed/confounded/perplexed/worried

################################################################################

					khe
					---
khaas:		A	adj.	special/particular/private/noble/unmixed
khaatir:	A	n.f.	the heart/mind/memory/sake/behalf/choice/favor
khaak:		P	n.f.	dust/earth/ashes
khaalis:	A	adj.	pure/genuine/sincere(friend)
khaam:		P	adj.	raw/green/inexpert/immature/vain
khaamosh:	P	adj.	silent
khaandaan:	P	n.m.	family/lineage/dynasty
khaanum:	P	n.f.	lady/princess/wife
khaanah:	P	n.m.	house/room/compartment/partition
khabar:		A	n.f.	news/information/report/rumor/notice
khatm:		A	n.m.	conclusion/seal
khatm:		A	adj.	finished/done
khajaalat:	A	n.m.	shame/bashfulness
khajaalat:	P	adj.	happy/auspicious/blessed
khuda:		P	n.m.	God
khidmat:	A	n.f.	service/office/duty
kharaab:	A	adj.	bad/depraved/ruined/spoiled/wretched/obscene
khurram:	P	adj.	happy
khareed:	P	n.f.	purchase
khazaan.:	P	n.f.	autumn/decay/old age
khizaanah:	P	n.m.	treasury/treasure
khastah:	P	adj.	wounded/broken/sorrowful
khushk:		P	adj.	dry/withered/cynic
khatt:		A	n.m.	letter/note/mark
khataa:		A	n.f.	mistake/slio/oversight/error
khutbah:	A	n.m.	sermon/oration/introduction
khatrah:	A	n.m.	danger/fear/risk
khafaa:		A	n.f.	concealment/secrecy
khafaa:		P	adj.	angry/displeased
khalaas:	A	n.m.	deliverance/redemption/freedom
khilaaf:	A	n.m.	opposition/contraiety/falsehood
khilaaf:	A	prep.	against
khalish:	P	n.f.	prick/pain/anxiety/apprehension
khumaar:	A	n.m.	intoxication
khanjar:	A	n.m.	dagger
khwaab:		P	n.m.	sleep/dream
khwaar:		P	adj.	wretched/deserted/friendless/poor
khwaahish:	P	n.f.	desire/request/demand
khoob:		P	adj.	good/excellent/beautiful/amiable
khood:		P	n./adj.	self/private/personal/own
khoodi:		P	n.f.	egotism/vanity/presence of mind
khoorsheed:	P	n.m.	sun
khoosh:		P	adj.	pleasing/happy
khoon:		P	n.m.	blood/murder
khiyaaban:	P	n.m.	flower-bed/flower garden
khayaal:	A	n.m.	thought/imagination/opinion/care/respect
khair:		A	adj.	good/best
khair:		A	adv.	very well
khair:		A	n.f.	welfare/happiness

################################################################################

					daal
					----
daakhil:	A	adj.	entering
daad:		P	n.m.	justice/appeal/revenge/praise
daar:		P	n.f.	gallows/a piece of wood
daar:		P	suff.	having/holding
daar:		A	n.m.	house/country
daaraa:		P	n.m.	holder/sovereign/king
daaru:		H	n.f.	alcohol
daaru:		P	n.f.	medicine/remedy
daastaan:	P	n.f.	story/fable/tale
daagh:		P	n.m.	scar/blemish/stain/calamity/grief/loss
daam:		P	n.m.	net/snare
daam:		H	n.m.	price/value
daaman:		P	n.m.	skirt/foot of a mountain/a lap
daanaa:		P	adj.	wise/learned
daanistah:	P	adv.	knowingly
daanish:	P	n.f.	knowledge/science/learning
daa'im:		A	adj.	perpetual/permanent
dakhl:		A	n.m.	entrance/access/reach/skill
dar:		P	n.m.	door/gate/entrance
dar:		P	prep.	in/into/within/to/about/by
durr:		A	n.m.	pearl
daraaz:		P	adj.	long/tall/extended
darbaar:	P	n.m.	court (royal)
darkhwaasht:	P	n.f.	request/petition/appeal
dard:		P	n.m.	pain/affliction/sympathy/compassion
dars:		H	n.m.	sight/view/look
durust:		P	adj.	right/proper/well/safe/precise
durusht:	P	adj.	rough/hard/rigid/oppressive/fierce
darmiyan:	P	n.m.	middle/midst/interval
darwaazah:	P	n.m.	door/gate
darya:		P	n.m.	a large river/sea
duzd:		P	n.m.	thief
dastoor:	P	n.m.	custom/usage/manner/rule
dushman:	P	n.m.	enemy
dushnaam:	P	n.f.	abuse/invective
dushwaar:	P	adj.	difficult
du'aa:		A	n.f.	blessing/prayer/wish
da'wat:		A	n.f.	invitation/banquet
da'waa:		A	n.m.	claim/law suit/charge/demand/accusation
daghaa:		P	n.f.	deceit/treachery/delusion
daf'a:		A	n.f.	time/turn/section/class
dafn:		A	n.m.	burial/concealment
diqqat:		A	n.f.	difficulty/intricacy/minute point
dil:		P	n.m.	heart/soul/courage/generosity/wish
	dil aawar:	adj.	brave/valiant
	dilbar:		adj.	lovely/sweetheart
	dil band:	adj.	charming/attractive
	dil chasp:	adj.	interesting/pleasing/delightful
	dil kharaash:	adj.	heart rending
	dil daar:	adj.	charming/beloved
	dil daar:	n.m.	sweetheart
	dil daari:	n.f.	consolation
	dil doz:	adj.	heart-piercing
	dil rubaa:	adj.	fascinating/alluring
	dil rubaa:	adj.	fascinating/alluring
	dil rubaa:	n.m.	sweetheart
	dil sokhtah:	adj.	grieved/suffering
	dil soz:	adj.	touching/pathetic/passionate/ardent
	dil shaad:	adj.	cheerful
	dil fareb:	adj.	charming/alluring/enticing/beautiful
	dil figaar:	adj.	melancholy
	dil kash:	adj.	attractive/winning
	dil geer:	adj.	melancholy
	dil lagi:	n.f.	amusement/diversion
	dil nawaaz:	adj.	soothing (the mind)
dilaasaa:	P	n.m.	consolation/encouragement
dam:		P	n.m.	breath/vitality/moment/edge of a sword
dimaagh:	A	n.m.	brain/intellect/airs/conceit
dunyaa:		A	n.f.	world/worldly goods
dawaa:		A	n.m.	medicine
door:		P	adj.	distant/remote/far
daur:		A	n.m.	revolving/period/cycle/orbit
dost:		P	n.m.	friend/lover
daulat:		A	n.f.	riches/fortune/happiness/cause/means
diyaar:		A	n.m.	country/region
deedaar:	P	n.m.	sight/interview
deedah:		P	n.m.	the eye
deen:		A	n.m.	faith/religion
deewaar:	P	n.f.	a wall
deewaanah:	P	n.m.	madman

################################################################################

					Daal
					----
Daabar:		H	n.m.	lake/pond/water pot
Daakaa:		H	n.m.	robbery
Dar:		H	n.m.	fear
Dagar:		H	n.f.	path/road

################################################################################

					zaal
					----
zaat:		A	n.f.	being endowed with/soul/self/caste/race
zaati:		A	adj.	innate/inherent/essential/natural
zaakir:		A	adj.	remembering/grateful
zaakir:		A	n.m.	grateful person/obe who praises God
zikr:		A	n.m.	remembrance/memory/Qur'an recital
zillaat:	A	n.f.	insult/dishonor/affront/abjectness
zaleel:		A	adj.	abject/base/wretched/contemptible
zauq:		A	n.m.	taste
zehn:		A	n.m.	acumen/wit/sagacity/understanding

################################################################################

					re
					--
raaHat:		A	n.f.	rest/repose/comfort/tranquility/ease
raaz:		P	n.m.	mystery/secret
raast:		P	adj.	true/honest/straight/even/level
raastah:	P	n.m.	path/road/manner
raazi:		A	adj.	willing/satisfied/agreed/pleased
raah:		P	n.f.	road/pathcustom/journey/method
	raah bar:	n.m.	a guide
	raah numaa:	n.m.	conductor/leader/guide
rabb:		A	n.m.	creator/god
rahm:		A	n.m.	mercy/pity/compassion/kindness/tenderness
rukh:		P	n.m.	face/cheek/side/point
rukhsaar:	P	n.m.	face/cheek/complexion/aspect
rukhsat:	A	n.f.	leave/permission/dismissal/indulgence
radd:		A	n.m.	rejection/repulsion/returning
razm:		P	n.m.	war/battle
rasm:		A	n.f.	marking/writing/established usage/model/law
rasan:		P	n.f.	rope/string/cord
ruswaa:		A	adj.	infamous/dishonored/disgraced
rasool:		A	n.m.	a prophet
rishtah:	P	n.m.	thread/line/relationship/kinship/alliance
rashk:		P	n.m.	jealousy/envy/malice/spite
raghbat:	P	n.f.	strong desire/esteem/pleasure
raftaar:	P	n.f.	speed/pace/walk/motion
rafi':		A	adj.	high/sublime/exalted
rafeeq:		A	n.m.	friend/ally
raqs:		A	n.m.	dance/dancing
raqeeb:		A	n.m.	rival/competitor
ran.j:		P	n.m.	grief/sorrow/trouble/inconvience
ran.jish:	P	n.m.	grief/indignation/misunderstanding/anguish
ran.g:		P	n.m.	color/dye/fashion/enjoyment
ran.geen:	P	adj.	colored/lively/elegant/flowery/figurative
rawaanah:	P	adj.	despatched/proceeding
rooH:		A	n.f.	soul/spirit/life/essence/divine revelation
roz:		P	n.m.	a day
roz:		P	adj.	daily
rozah:		P	n.m.	a fast
raushan/roshan:	P	adj.	light/illuminated/bright/clear/splendid
raunaq:		A	n.f.	lustre/beauty/elegance/freshness
resham:		P	n.m.	silk

################################################################################

					Re
					--
	This letter does not occur as the first letter of a word and hence
	there are no entries. The letter has the sound of a hardened 'r'
	and is often used interchangeably with Daal.

################################################################################

					ze
					--
zaar:		P	n.m.	weeping/lamentation/garden/desire/wish
zabaan:		P	n.f.	tongue/language/flame (of a candle)
zabar:		P	n.m.	above/superior/greater/top
	zabardast:	adj.	vigorous/violent/tyrranical/superior
zaHmat:		A	n.f.	uneasiness of mind/trouble/pain
zakhm:		P	n.m.	wound/damage/loss
zadah:		P	adj.	struck/stricken/oppressed
zar:		P	n.m.	gold
zukaam:		A	n.m.	cold
zulf:		P	n.f.	curl/ringlet/tress
zamaanah:	P	n.m.	time/age/period
zameen:		P	n.f.	ground/earth
zanjeer:	P	n.f.	chain
zindaan:	P	n.m.	prison/jail
zindagi:	P	n.f.	life/living/existence
zindah:		P	adj.	alive/living
zinhaar:	P	adv.	never/by no means
zinhaar:	P	intj.	beware!
zood:		P	adv.	quickly/soon/suddenly
zor:		P	n.m.	force/strength/power/influence/stress
zahr:		P	n.m.	poison
ziyaadah:	P	adj.	too much/more/excessive
ziyaarat:	A	n.f.	pilgrimage/visit (a shrine)
zebaa:		P	adj.	adorned/beautiful/proper/graceful
zeenat:		A	n.f.	decoration/beauty

################################################################################

					zhe
					---
zhaalah:	P	n.m.	hail/dew/frost
zharf:		P	n.m.	deep/penetrating/acute of mind
zholeedah:	P	adj.	dishevelled/entangled/intricate
zhiyaan:	P	adj.	terrible/furious/angry/rapacious

################################################################################

					seen
					----
saajan:		H	n.m.	lover/sweetheart/beloved
saaHir:		A	n.m.	magician
saaHil:		A	n.m.	shore/beach
saadah:		P	adj.	simple/plain/candid/sincere
saaz:		P	n.m.	apparatus/equipment/concord
saazish:	P	n.f.	conspiracy/intrigue/collusion
saaqee:		A	n.m.	cup-bearer/page/beloved
saal:		P	n.m.	year
saalim:		A	adj.	safe/sound/perfect/whole
saamaan:	P	n.m.	apparatus/custom/understanding/power
saan.ch:	H	n.f.	truth/reality
saan.s:		H	n.m./f.	breath/sigh
saa'ir:		A	n.m.	thw whole/the rest/wandering/walking/tax/duty
saayah:		P	n.m.	shadow/shade/shelter/apparition
sabab:		A	n.m.	cause/reason
sabaq:		A	n.m.	lesson/lecture/advancing
subuk:		P	adj.	light/delicate/trivial/frivolous/futile
sitaarah:	P	n.m.	star
sitaan.:	P	adj.	taking/seizing
sitam:		P	n.m.	oppression/tyranny/injustice/violence
sajdah:		A	n.m.	prostration
saHar:		A	n.m.	dawn/morning
sakht:		P	adj.	hard/firm/cruel/harsh/vehement
sukhan:		P	n.m.	speech/words/business/affair
	sukhan war:	adj.	eloquence
sar:		P	n.m.	head/top/pinnacle/origin/chief/desire
	sar afraaz:	adj.	exalted
	sar bastah:	adj.	hidden/secret
	sar basar:	adv.	wholly/entirely
	sar buland:	adj.	eminent/glorious
	sar taabee:	n.f.	rebellion
	sar taaj:	n.m.	chief/leader
	sar-e dast:	adv.	at present/immediately
	sar-e raah:	adv.	on the road
	sar zameen:	n.f.	country/limits/region
	sar-e shaam:	n.f.	about evening/evening
	sar-o saamaan:	n.m.	necessities/furniture/luggage
siraaj:		A	n.m.	lamp/candle/sun
surkh:		P	adj.	red
sard:		P	adj.	cold/damp/dull/dead
suroor:		A	n.m.	pleasure/joy/exhilaration
sazaa:		P	n.f.	correction/punishment/requital
sust:		P	adj.	loose/frail/lazy/slow/dull
sifaarish:	P	n.f.	recommendation
safar:		A	n.m.	journey
safed:		P	adj.	white
saktah:		P	n.m.	trance/swoon/pause
sukoot:		A	n.f.	silence/peace/rest/tranquility
sukoon:		A	n.m.	peace/rest/tranquility
salaam:		A	n.m.	salutation/peace/safety/compliment
silsilah:	A	n.m.	chain/series/pedigree/genealogy
saleeqah:	A	n.m.	good disposition/good taste/mode/skill
sang:		P	n.m.	stone/weight
sanh:		A	n.m.	year/era
siwaa:		P	adv.	except/save/but/besides
sawaal:		A	n.m.	question/petition/application/request/demand
saudaa:		P	n.m.	trade/marketing/goods
soz:		P	n.m.	burning/passion/vexation
saugand:	P	n.m.	oath
soona:		H	adj.	void/empty/desolate/lonely
siyaah:		P	adj.	black/dark/unfortunate/bad
sair:		A	n.f.	walk/excursion/recreation/amusement
seerat:		A	n.m.	quality/nature/disposition
sailaab:	A/P	n.m.	flood/deluge/torrent
seenah:		P	n.m.	chest/bosom

################################################################################

					sheen
					-----
shaabaash:	P	intj.	bravo! well done! (contr. of shaadbaash)
shaakh:		P	n.f.	branch/bough/dilemma/difficulty/objection
shaad:		P	adj.	happy/cheerful/delighted
shaadaab:	P	adj.	full of water/fresh/agreeable/verdant
shaa'ir:	A	n.m.	poet
shaagird:	P	n.m.	pupil/apprentice/servant
shaam:		P	n.f.	evening
shaamil:	A	adj.	including/comprising/connected/mingled/common
shaan:		A	n.f.	dignity/glory/grandeur
shaah:		P	n.m.	king/prince/monarch
	shaahtir:	n.m.	a beam/roof support
	shahzaadah:  	n.m.	prince
shaayad:	P	adv.	perhaps/probably
shab:		P	n.f.	night
	shab bakhair:	intj.	goodnight!
	shabnam:    	n.f.	dew
shabaab:	A	n.m.	youth
shabeenah:	P	adj.	nocturnal
shujaa':	A	adj.	brave
shakhs:		A	n.m.	a person/individual/being/body
sharaab:	A	n.f.	wine/liquor
sharaarah:	A	n.m.	spark/gleam/flash
sharaafat:	A	n.f.	nobility/civility/good manners
shart:		A	n.f.	condition/agreement/wager
sharm:		P	n.f.	shame/modesty
shuroo':	A	n.m.	beginning
shareef:	A	adj.	noble/eminent/honorable
shi'r:		A	n.m.	verse/couplet
shu'lah:	A	n.m.	flame/blaze/flash/light
shu'oor:	A	n.m.	wisdom/intellect
shafaqat:	A	n.f.	kindeness/compassion/mercy
shakk:		A	n.m.	doubt/suspense/hesitation
shikaar:	P	n.m.	hunting/prey
shikaayat:	A	n.f.	complaint/accusation/illness
shukr:		A	n.m.	gratitude
shakl:		A	n.f.	form/appearance/model/image/diagram
shikwah:	A/P	n.m.	complaint/chiding
shumaar:	P	n.m.	counting/numbering/estimation/account
shams:		A	n.m.	the sun
shamsher:	P	n.f.	sword
shama':		A	n.f.	lamp/candle
shinaas:	P	adj.	knowing/acquainted with/intelligence
shokh:		P	adj.	playful/mischievous/bold/insolent
shor:		P	n.m.	noise/outcry/tumult/clamor/ardor
shauq:		A	n.m.	taste/fondness/desire/interest
shahd:		P	n.m.	honey
shahr:		P	n.m.	city
shuhrat:	A	n.f.	renown/fame/rumor
shaheed:	A	n.m.	martyr
shaikh:		A	n.m.	elder
shekhi:		A	n.f.	bragging
sher:		P	n.m.	lion/tiger/brave man
shireen:	P	adj.	sweet/pleasant/gentle
shishah:	P	n.m.	glass/bottle/glass pane
shaitaan:	A	n.m.	satan/devil/demon

################################################################################

					saad
					----
saahib:		A	n.m.	master/lord/ruler/companion/title
saaf:		A	adj.	clean/pure/innocent/clear/legible/plain
subH:		A	n.f.	morning/dawn
sabr:		A	n.m.	patience/endurance/submission/suffering
suHbat:		A	n.f.	companionship/society/conversation
saHraa:		A	n.m.	plain/desert
saHeeH:		A	adj.	right/correct/genuine/sound/pure/just
sadr:		A	n.m.	chest/bosom/chief
sadmah:		A	n.m.	shock/blow/calamity/collision/suffering
sirf:		A	adj.	only/mere/sheer
sirf:		A	adv.	purely/exclusively
sa'oobat:	A	n.f.	difficulty/hardship
salaaH:		A	n.f.	peace/treaty/integrity/advice/counsel
sanam:		A	n.m.	idol/sweetheart/mistress
surat:		A	n.f.	form/figure/countenance/aspect/manner/plight

################################################################################

					zaad
					----
zaabit:		A	n.m.	governor/master/possessor
zaabit:		A	adj.	strict/punctual/patient/disciplinarian
zaabitah:	A	n.m.	rule/custom/canon/law/code
zaamin:		A	n.m.	sponsor/surety/guarantor
zaa'i:		A	adj.	lost/destroyed/wasted/fruitless
zidd:       	A	n.f.	the contrary/opposition/stubborness
zarb:		A	n.f.	injury/beating/impression (plu. zarbaat)
zarar:		A	n.m.	injury/damage/harm/affliction/loss/ruin
zaroor:		A	adj.    necessary/expedient/needful
zaroor:		A	adv.    certainly/absolutely
zaroorat:	A	n.f.	need/compulsion/want/exigency
zu'f:		A	n.m.	weakness/feebleness
za'if:		A	adj.	weak/infirm/feeble/old/faint
zalaal:		A	n.m.	error/fault/vice
zamaanat:	A	n.f.	surety/bond
zameer:		A	n.f.	mind/heart/thought/reflection/sense
zau:		A	n.f.	light/sunlight
ziyaa:		A	n.f.	light/splendour/brilliancy
zeeq:		A	n.f.	anguish/melancholy/

################################################################################

					to-e
					----
taab:		A	adj.	sweet/agreeable/pure/excellent
taa'at:		A	n.f.	obedience/devotion (plu. taa'aat)
taaq:		A	n.m.	arch/cupola/niche
taaqat:		A	n.f.	strength/power/might
taalib:		A	n.m.	seeker/enquirer/lover/candidate
tabi'at:	A	n.f.	nature/temperament/disposition
tapaan.:	P	adj.	palpitating/throbbing
tarh:		A	n.m.	manner/mode/form/design/plan
tarz:		A	n.m.	manner/fashion/way
taraf:		A	n.f.	side/margin/direction
tariqah:	A	n.m.	method/custom/path/way
ta'n:		A	n.m.	blame/reproach/censure/chide
talaaq:		A	n.f.	divorce/repudiation
talab:		A	n.f.	search/inquiry//wish/demand/request
taur:       	A	n.m.	manner/condition/mode/state
toofaan:	A	n.m.	storm/tempest/hurricane
taiyyaar:	A	adj.	ready

################################################################################

					zo-e
					----
zaalim:     	A	n.m.	tyrant/oppressor
zaahir:     	A	adj.	manifest/clear/evident
zaahiraa:     	A	adv.	outwardly/manifestly
zarif:      	A	adj.	witty/subtle/fine
zafar:		A	n.m.	victory/triumph/gain
zulm:       	A	n.m	oppression/tyranny
zann:		A	n.m.	suspicion
zaheer:		A	n.m.	ally/associate

################################################################################

					ain
					---
'aajiz:		A	adj.	powerless/weak/helpless/dejected
'aadat:		A	n.f.	custom/habit/usage/practice/manner
'aadil:		A	adj.	just/sincere/righteous
'aazim:		A	adj.	determined/resolute
'aashiq:	A	n.m.	lover/suitor
'aaqibat:	A	n.f.	end/conclusion/future life
'aaqibat:	A	adv.	finally/at last
'aaqil:		A	adj.	wise/sensible
'aalam:		A	n.m.	world/universe/regions/public/beauty/period
'aalim:		A	adj.	learned/wise/intelligent
'aali:		A	adj.	high/sublime/exalted/grand
'aam:		A	adj.	common/public/general/ordinary (plu. 'awaamm)
'ibaadat:	A	n.f.	prayers/devotion
'ibaarat:	A	n.f.	composition/style/diction
'abas:		A	adj.	useless/profitless/trifling/idle
'abd:		A	n.m.	slave/servant of God
'ibrat:		A	n.f.	warning/admonition
'itaab:		A	n.m.	rebuke/reproach/anger/displeasure
'ajab:		A	n.m.	wonder/astonishment
'ajab:		A	adj.	wonderful/amazing/strange/rare
'ajeeb:		A	adj.	wonderful/surprising/rare/admirable/unique
'adaalat:	A	n.f.	court of justice/tribunal/justice/law
'adam:		A	n.m.	non-existence/nothing/annihilation
'azaab:		A	n.m.	torment/pain/punishment
'arsh:		A	n.m.	roof/canopy/highest heaven
'arz:		A	n.f.	petition/request/exposition/review
'irfaan:	A	n.m.	knowledge/science/wisdom
'urooj:		A	n.m.	ascension/rising/exaltation
'uryaan:	A	n.m.	naked/bare/devoid
'izzat:		A	n.f.	honor/esteem/glory/reputation
'azeez:		A	adj.	dear/beloved/honored/respected/worthy
'ishrat:	A	n.f.	pleasure/enjoyment/mirth/society
'ishq:		A	n.m.	love/excessive passion
'atr:		A	n.m.	perfume
'atf:		A	n.m.	kindness/favor/affection/present
'azeem:		A	adj.	great/high in dignity/large
'iffat:		A	n.f.	purity/chastity
'aql:		A	n.m.	intellect/reason/knowledge
'uqoobat:	A	n.f.	punishment/torment/torture
'ilaaj:		A	n.m.	cure/treatment/antidote
'ilaaqah:	A	n.m.	jurisdiction/area/tenure
'illat:		A	n.f.	fault/defect/bad habit/illness/pretext/basis
'ilm:		A	n.m.	knowledge/science/doctrine
'aleem:		A	adj.	wise/learned
'imaarat:	A	n.f.	building/edifice
'umr:		A	n.f.	age/life-time/span of life
'amalan:	A	adv.	practically/truly
'inaad:		A	n.m.	enmity/obstinacy
'awaam:		A	n.m.	populace/common people (plu. of 'aam)
'aurat:		A	n.f.	woman/wife/nudity
'aiyaash:	A	adj.	luxurious/rakish/addicted to pleasure
'aish:		A	n.m.	pleasure/delight/luxury

################################################################################

					ghain
					-----
ghaalib:	A	adj.	victorious/predominant
ghaalib:	A	adv.	often/likely/most probably
ghaa'ib:	A	adj.	hidden/absent
ghubaar:	A	n.m.	vapor/fog/mist/dust/vexation
ghaddaar:	A	adj.	disloyal/treacherous
gharaz:		A	n.f.	intention/meaning/design/view/want
ghuroor:	A	n.m.	pride/vanity
gharib:		A	adj.	poor/destitute/strange/innocent/wonderful
ghazal:		A	n.f.	ode/poem
ghash:		A	n.m.	stupor/fainting
ghussah:	A	n.m.	anger/passion/rage/anxiety/grief
ghaflat:	A	n.f.	negligence/drowsiness/stupor
ghulaam:	A	n.m.	slave/boy/youth
ghalat:		A	adj.	wrong/incorrect/inaccurate
ghaleez:	A	adj.	dirty/filthy/gross/coarse/obscene
gham:		A	n.m.	grief/sorrow/concern/care
	gham khwaar:	adj.	consoling
	gham deedah:	adj.	afflicted/grieved
	gham gusaar:	n.m.	comforter
ghammaaz:	A	n.m.	informer/tattletale/back-biting
ghaur:		A	n.m.	deep thought/meditation/close attention
ghair:		A	n.m.	stranger/foreigner
ghair:		A	adv.	besides
ghair:		A	adj.	other/different/alien/bad
ghair:		A	prep.	without/except/but/save
ghairat:	A	n.f.	honor/modesty/bashfulness/envy/enmity

################################################################################

					fe
					--
faakhir:	A	n.m.	a boaster
faash:		P	adj.	apparent/known/notorious
faasilah:	A	n.m.	distance/space/separation
faazil:		A	adj.	superfluous/accomplished person/virtuous
faaqah:		A	n.m.	starvation/fasting/poverty
faa'idah:	A	n.m.	benefit/profit/utility
faa'iq:		A	adj.	superior/great
fitnah:		A	n.m.	sedition/revolt/mischief/temptation
fatwaa:		A	n.m.	judicial decree
fakhr:		A	n.m.	glory/honor/pride/egotism
fida:		A	n.m.	sacrifice/devotion/ransom/exchange
fidaa'ee:	A&P	n.m.	lover
firaaq:		A	n.m.	separation/anxiety/absence/distance
firdaus:	A	n.m.	garden/paradise
farishtah:	P	n.m.	angel/apostle/prophet/messenger
fursat:		A	n.f.	opportunity/leisure/rest/recovery
farz:		A	n.m.	duty/moral obligation/statute
farq:		A	n.m.	difference/distance/separation/defect
furqat:		A	n.f.	separation/disunion/absence (of lovers)
farmaan:	P	n.m.	mandate/order/royal decree
farmaa'ish:	P	n.f.	order for goods/requisition/pleasure/will
faro:		P	adj.	down/below/under
faryaad:	P	n.f.	complaint/cry
fareb:		P	n.m.	deceit/trick/fraud
faza':		A	n.f.	lamentation/wailing
fasanah:	P	n.m.	romance/tale/fable
fazl:		A	n.m.	excellence/virtue/reward/wisdom
fitrat:		A	n.f.	nature/creation/deceit/intrigue/wisdom
fughaan.:	P	n.m.	clamor/lamentation/cry of distress
faqr:		A	n.m.	poverty
fikr:		A	n.m./f.	opinion/notion/care/concern/anxiety/counsel
figaar:		P	adj.	wounded/sore/afflicted/confused
falak:		A	n.m.	sky/heaven/fortune/fate
fuwaad:		A	n.m.	the heart
fauj:		A	n.f.	army/crowd/multitude
fauran:		A	adv.	immediately/quickly/directly
fahm:		A	n.m.	understanding/intellect
faisalah:	A	n.m.	settlement/decree/decision
faiz:		A	n.m.	liberality/grace/bounty

################################################################################

					qaaf
					----
qaabil:		A	adj.	worthy/able/competent/deserving/clever
qaaboo:		P	n.m.	power/command/authority/possession/hold
qaatil:		A	n.m.	murderer/assassin/homicide
qaazee:		A	n.m.	judge
qaa'idah:	A	n.m.	custom/rule/manners/habit/established order
qaafiyah:	A	n.m.	rhyme/metre/cadence
qaanoon:	A	n.m.	rule/law/system/state
qaa'il:		A	adj.	confessing/agreeing/conceding/subdued
qaa'im:		A	adj.	erect/stagnant/firm/durable
qabr:		A	n.f.	grave/tomb
qabzah:		A	n.m.	gridp/clutch/possessing/power/hilt of a sword
qubool:		A	n.m.	consent/acceptance/assent/recognition
qatl:		A	n.m.	killing/murder/assassination
qadd:		A	n.m.	stature/size/height
qadr:		A	n.f.	dignity/honor/worth/value
qudrat:		A	n.f.	power/strength/universe/nature
qadam:		A	n.m.	step/pace/footstep
qaraar:		A	n.m.	residence/stability/rest/patience/satisfaction
qurbaan:	A	n.m.	sacrifice/victim/offering
qarz:		A	n.m.	debt/loan
qareeb:		A	adj.	near/adjacent/akin/approaching
qasam:		A	n.m.	an oath
qism:		A	n.f.	sort/kind/species/portion/nature
qismat:		A	n.f.	fortune/fate/share/portion/head/category
qusoor:		A	n.m.	fault/defect/blame/sin/failure
qissah:		A	n.m.	tale/fable/romance/quarrel/dispute
qazaa:		A	n.f.	fate/destiny/jurisdiction/judgement
qafas:		A	n.m.	cage/network/body
qalb:		A	n.m.	heart/mind/soul/intellect/marrow/pith
qalam:		A	n.m.	reed/pen/handwriting
qamar:		A	n.m.	the moon
qaul:		A	n.m.	word/saying/promise/consent/vow
qaum:		A	n.m.	nation/people
qiyaamat:	A	n.f.	resurrection/Judgement Day/tumult
qaid:		A	n.f.	imprisonment/confinement/obstacle/control
qeemat:		A	n.m.	price/value/woth/cost

################################################################################

					kaaf
					----
kaatib:		A	n.m.	scribe/writer
kaazib:		A	adj.	false
kaar:		P	n.m.	affair/work/labor/duty/profession
kaarwaan:	P	n.m.	caravan/large company of pilgrims
kaasah:		P	n.m.	cup/goblet/bowl
kaash:		P	intj.	would that !
kaashif:	A	adj.	discoverer/revealer
kaaghaz:	P	n.m.	paper/letter/document
kaafir:		A	n.m.	infidel/sweetheart/mistress
kaafir:		A	adj.	impious/ungrateful
kaafur:		A	n.m.	camphor
kaafi:		P&A	adj.	sufficient/enough
kaam:		P	n.m.	palate/desire/object/purport/design/intention
	kaamraan:   	adj.	successful/fortunate/happy/blessed
	kaam yaab:	adj.	prosperous/successfulhappy/satisfied
kaahish:	P	n.f.	anxiety/pining/decline/decay
kaahil:		A	adj.	lazy/slow/indolent/relaxed/tardy/ailing
kabootar:	P	n.m.	pigeon/dove
kabeer:		A	adj.	great/large/immense
kitaab:		A	n.m.	book/writing/despatch
kasrat:		A	n.f	abundance/excess/bulk
kadah:		P	n.m.	a place (usually a suff.)
karam:		A	n.m.	kindness/favor/bounty/clemency
kareem:		A	adj.	bountiful/generous/merciful/epithet of God
kas:		P	n.m.	man/person
kasab:		A	n.m.	profession/trade
kasr:		A	n.f.	breach/loss/affliction
kasal:		A	n.m.	laxity/cowardice/depression/sickness
kiswat:		A	n.f.	dress/appearance/habit/figure/form/manner
kashaakash:	P	n.f.	struggle/dilemma/contention/grief and pain
kashti:		P	n.f.	ship/boat/vessel/tray
kashish:	P	n.f.	drawing/attraction/allurement
kufr:		A	n.m.	paganism/infidelity/profanity
kafan:		A	n.m.	shroud
kul:		A	adj.	all/complete/entire/aggregate/universe
kalaam:		A	n.m.	discourse/oration/a work/composition/objection
kam:		P	adj.	deficient/few/little/rare/scanty
	kam bakht:	adj.	unfortunate/wretched
	kamzor:		adj.	weak/feeble/powerless
kamaal:		A	n.m.	excellence/perfection/miracle/art
kamaan:		P	n.f.	bow/arch/spring
kamar:		P	n.f.	waist/girdle/zone/army flank/arch
kamee:		P	n.f.	deficiency/loss/abatement/reduction/dearth
kameenah:	P	adj.	mean/vulgar/base/defective
kinaarah:	P	n.m.	shore/river bank/edge/margin/limit
kandah:		P	adj.	carved/engraved
koshish:	P	n.f.	attempt/endeavor/labor/exertion
koft:		P	n.f.	beating/pain/vexation/grief/gilding
kaul:		H	n.m.	mouthful/morsel
koh:		P	n.m.	mountain/hill
kaif:		A	n.m.	intoxication
kaifiyyat:	A	n.f.	narrative/circumstances/explanation/situation
keenah:		P	n.m.	malice/rancor/enmity

################################################################################

					gaaf
					----
giraan.:	P	adj.	precious/costly/dear/important/heavy
gard:		P	n.f.	trifle/dust
gird:		P	n.m.	round/circumference/environs
girdaab:	P	n.m.	whirlpool/abyss/vortex
gardish:	P	n.f.	revolution/circulation/misfortune/vagrancy
gardan:		P	n.f.	the neck
giriftaar:	P	adj.	captured/seized/smitten/prisoner/captivated
garm:		P	adj.	hot/burning/ardent/choleric/lively
girau:		P	n.m.	pledge/pawn
girah:		P	n.f.	knot/joint/knuckle
giriyaan.:	P	adj.	weeping/crying
giryah:		P	n.m.	weeping/lamentation/crying/plaint
gaz:		P	n.m.	a yard measure
guzaarish:	P	n.f.	petition/request/explanation
guzaarah:	P	n.m.	living/subsistence/passage/abode
guzar:		P	n.f.	a pass/a living/a road
gazeedah:	P	adj.	stung/bitten
guzeedah:	P	adj.	selected/chosen
gusaar:		P	adj.	taking away/dissipating/removing
gustaakhee:	P	n.f.	rudeness/arrogance/audacity
guftgoo:	P	n.f.	conversation/discourse
gul:		P	n.m.	rose/flower/ornament/brand
	gul badan:	adj.	delicate/graceful
	gul dastah:	n.m.	a bouquet
	gul zaar:	n.m.	flower-bed/garden
	gul sitaan.:	n.m.	rose-garden
	gulshan:	n.m.	a flower or rose garden
gulaab:		P	n.m.	the rose
gilah:		P	n.m.	complaint/blame/reproach/lamentation
gum:		P	n.m.	lost/missing/distracted
	gum raah:	adj.	astray/lost/wicked/depraved
	gum sum:	adj.	still/silent
	gum gashtah:	adj.	lost/wandering
	gum naam:	adj.	nameless/anonymous/unknown/inglorious
gumaan:		P	n.m.	doubt/surmise/fancy/pride/opinion/distrust
gunaah:		P	n.m.	fault/sin/crime/guilt
gawaaraa:	P	adj.	palatable/agreeable/pleasant/nice
gawaah:		P	n.m.	a witness
gawaahee:	P	n.m.	testimony/evidence
gosh:		P	n.m.	the ear
goshah:		P	n.m.	corner/angle/cell/privacy
goyaa:		P	adj.	speaking/eloquent
geer:		P	adj.	taking/holding/seizing/conquering
gesoo:		P	n.m.	tresses/locks
gaihaan.:	P	n.m.	the world/the universe

################################################################################

					laam
					----
laa:		A	suff.	no/not/by no means/without
	laa jawaab:	adj.	rendered speechless/silenced
	laa chaar:	adj.	helpless/destitute/forlorn/disabled
	laa waaris:	adj.	heirless
laazim:		A	adj.	necessary/compulsory/important
laash:		T	n.f/m.	corpse
laa'iq:		A	adj.	worthy/suitable/able/qualified/decent
lab:		P	n.m.	the lip/edge/margin/shore/bank
laHzah:		A	n.m.	the twinkling of an eye/moment/glance
lazzat:		A	n.f.	taste/flavor/enjoyment/pleasure
larzaan.:	P	adj.	termbling/tremulous/fearing
lataafat:	P	n.f.	pleasantness/elegance/subtility
lutf:		A	n.m.	kindness/favor/grace/pleasure
latmah:		A	n.m.	slap/blow
lateefah:	A	n.m.	pleasantry/witticism/joke
lughat:		A	n.m.	tongue/speech/dialect/word/dictionary
lifaafah:	A	n.m.	cover/envelope/wrapper/secret
lafz:		A	n.m.	word/saying
luknat:		A	n.f.	stammering/speech impediment
lagaam:		H	n.f.	bridle/rein
lamHah:		A	n.m.	minute/moment
lang:		P	n.m.	lameness/limp
lan.gar:	P	n.m.	anchor/cable/rope/public kitchen/alms
lau:		H	n.f.	candle flame/ardent desire/attachment
lauH:		A	n.f.	plank/board/table/tablet/title page
liyaaqat:	A	n.f.	worth/ability/merit/skill

################################################################################

					meem
					----
maa:		A	adv.	which/what/that which/whilst/during...
	maa ba'd:	adj.	following
	maa Haul:	n.m.	surroundings/environs
	maa faat:	adj.	what is past or dead
	maa waraa:	adj.	what is beyond or behind
maatam:		A	n.m.	mourning/grief
maal:		A	n.m.	riches/property/merchandise/revenue
maalik:		A	n.m.	master/lord/owner/God
maani':		A	n.m.	impediment/hinderance/objection/stopper
maah:		P	n.m.	the moon/month
	maah paaraa:	adj.	handsome/beloved
	maah taab:	n.m.	moonlight
	maah jabeen:	adj.	a beautiful person
	maah wash:	adj.	having a face as beautiful as the moon
maahir:		A	adj.	skilled/expert/master/excel
maayoos:	A	adj.	without hope/disappointed
mubaarak:	A	adj.	auspicious/blessed/felicitation
mubaahaat	A	n.m.	contending for glory/boasting/arrogance
mubtada:	A	n.m.	commencement/principle
mutaassif:	A	adj.	sorrowful/repentant/grieving
mutabassim:	A	adj.	smiling/laughing
mutaHammil:	A	adj.	affable/tolerant/patient/passive
mutaraddid:	A	adj.	hesitant/perplexed/wavering/grieved
matrook:	A	adj.	abandoned/obsolete/rejected
muta'assib:	A	adj.	prejudiced/partial/superstitious
matwalaa:	A	adj.	intoxicated/inebriated
mutawaqqi':	A	adj.	expecting/hopeful
matin:		A	adj.	strong/solid/vigorous/obstinate
misaal:		A	adj.	simile/likeness/metaphor/example
masal:		A	n.f.	proverb/example
majaal:		A	n.f.	power/strength/stability/opportunity
majboor:	A	adj.	compelled/helpless/oppressed
mujrim:		A	adj.	criminal/culpable/faulty
mujrim:		A	n.m.	felon/criminal/sinner
majrooh:	A	adj.	wounded/hurt/smitten
majma':		A	n.m.	congregation/assemblage/crowd/collection
majnoon.:	A	adj.	insane/madly in love
muHaafiz:	A	n.m.	protector/guardian/guard
maHabbat:	A	n.f.	love/friendship
maHboob:	A	n.m.	lover/friend/sweetheart
maHboob:	A	adj.	loved/lovely
maHboobah:	A	n.f.	mistress/sweetheart
maHboos:	A	adj.	confined/imprisoned
muHtaj:		A	adj.	needy/poor/defective
maHjoob:	A	n.m.	modesty/shame/bashfulness
maHdood:	A	adj.	limited/bounded/finite
maHroom:	A	adj.	deprived/unlucky/prohibited/disappointed
moHzoon:	A	adj.	grieved/vexed
muHsin:		A	n.m.	patron/benefactor
maHsood:	A	adj.	envied/hated
maHsoos:	A	adj.	felt/perceived/sensible
maHzooz:	A	adj.	pleased/delighted/rich/contented
maHfil:		A	n.f.	congregation/assembly
maHfooz:	A	adj.	kept safe/guarded/secure/memorized
muHallah:	A	n.m.	quarter(of a city)/street/ward
miHnat:		A	n.f.	labor/toil/difficulty/trial
makhboot:	A	adj.	mad/insane
mukhtasar:	A	adj.	concise/abbreviated
makhmal:	A	n.m.	velvet
makhmoor:	A	adj.	intoxicated/drunk
madaar:		A	n.m.	circumference/orbit/station/dependence
mudaam:		A	adv.	eternally/always/continually
muddat:		A	n.f.	period(of time)
madad:		A	n.f.	help/assistance/reinforcement/wages
madhosh:	A	adj.	intoxicated/astonished
mazaaq:		A	n.m.	joke/taste/relish/perception
mazhab:		A	n.m.	religion/sect/doctrine
muraad:		A	n.f.	desire/will/intention/vow/tenor/meaning
martabah:	A	n.f./m.	degree/office/class/order
marhalah:	A	n.m.	stage/inn/day's journey/difficulty
marhoom:	A	adj.	dead/deceased
mard:		P	n.m.	man/male/hero/husband
murdah:		P	adj.	dead/weak/decrepit
murshid:	A	n.m.	teacher/spiritual guide
marghoob:	A	adj.	desired/beautiful
marqoom:	A	adj.	written/inscribed
marmar:		G	n.m.	marble
marham:		A	n.m.	ointment/salve/cure
mareez:		A	n.m.	patient
mizaaj:		A	n.m.	mixture/temperament/humor/pride
mazaar:		A	n.m.	shrine/tomb/grave
mazah:		P	n.m.	taste/relish/enjoyment/pleasure
musaafir:	A	n.m.	traveller/stranger
mast:		P	adj.	drunk/intoxicated
masroor:	A	adj.	glad/cheerful/pleased
mash'al:	A	n.f.	torch/lantern
mushkil:	A	adj.	difficult/intricate/hard/painful
mashhoor:	A	adj.	noted/famous/reported/proclaimed
museebat:	A	n.f.	misfortune/calamity/adversity/evil
mazboot:	A	adj.	strong/firm/resolute/valid
mutaqbiq:	A	adj.	conformable/suitable/like/in accordance with
matlab:		A	n.m.	object/aim/meaning/motive/wish/desire
mazloom:	A	adj.	injure/oppressed/wronged
mu'aahid:	A	n.m.	ally/confederate
mu'ijzah:	A	n.m.	miracle
ma'shooq:	A	n.m.	beloved/sweetheart
ma'loom:	A	adj.	known/evident/clear
ma'mool:	A	adj.	governed/prepared/customary
ma'nee:		A	n.m.	meaning/intent/signifcance/reality/essence
maghz:		P	n.m.	brain/pith/intellect
maghroor:	A	adj.	proud/arrogant
maghloob:	A	adj.	conquered/subdued
muft:		P	adj.	free/gratis
maftoon:	A	adj.	tempted/enamored/charmed/mad (with love)
muflis:		A	adj.	poor/indigent/bankrupt
maflook:	A	adj.	indigent/beggarly/destitute
mufeed:		A	adj.	profitable/beneficial/useful
muqaabil:	A	adj.	opposite/converse/against/matching
maqaal:		A	n.m.	word/speech/saying/proverb
maqaam:		A	n.m.	dwelling/station/position/basis
maqbarah:	A	n.m.	tomb/grave
maqbool:	A	adj.	accepted/chosen/grateful
muqaddar:	A	n.m.	fate/destiny/predestination
muqaddam:	A	adj.	antecedent/prior/superior/chief
muqir:		A	adj.	confessing/admitting/acknowledging
muqarrar:	A	adj.	established/fixed/certain/customary/permanent
maqsad:		A	n.m.	intention/purpose/aim/goal/desire
maqsood:	A	adj.	intended/proposed
makkaar:	A	adj.	cunning/artful/deceitful
makaan:		A	n.m.	house/place/habitation
mukaddar:	A	adj.	turbid/muddy/sullen/gloomy/vexed
mukarrar:	A	adv.	repeatedly/again
maknoon:	A	adj.	hidden/concealed
magar:		P	conj.	unless/perhaps/except/but/however
mulaazim:	A	n.m.	servant/aide
mulaaqaat:	A	n.f.	meeting/encounter/interview/visit
malaal:		A	n.m.	sadness/grief/langor/fatigue
malaamat:	A	n.f.	censure/rebuke
mulaa'im:	A	adj.	soft/tender/gentle/placid
mulk:		A	n.m.	nation/realm/territory
malool:		A	adj.	sad/depressed/tired/bored
mumtaaz:	A	adj.	exalted/eminent/chosen
mumkin:		A	adj.	possible/feasible
munaasib:	A	n.f.	proper/suitable/fit/apt/congruous
munHasir:	A	adj.	surrounded/besieged/dependent/resting
manzil:		A	n.f.	day's journey/destination/storey/house
manish:		P	n.f.	heart/mind/soul/magnanimity/pride
manzar:		A	n.m.	countenance/visage/sight/aspect/scene
manzoor:	A	adj.	admired/chosen/approved/accepted/granted
mana':		A	n.m.	prohibition/refusal/hindrance/forbidding
maut:		A	n.f.	death/mortality
mauj:		A	n.f.	wave/surge/enjoyment/ecstasy/caprice/plenty
moojib:		A	n.m.	cause/reason
maujood:	A	adj.	present/existing/at hand/ready
mausam:		A	n.m.	season/time
mauqa':		A	n.m.	occasion/opportunity/place/situation
mom:		P	n.m.	wax
mua'yyid:	A	adj.	corroborative/confirmatory
muhaajir:	A	n.m.	refugee/emigrant
mahtaab:	P	n.m.	moonlight
mihrbaani:	P	n.f.	favor/kindness
muhlat:		A	n.f.	retarding/delay/respite/leisure
mihmaan:	P	n.m.	guest
mai:		P	n.f.	wine/liquor
	mai khaanah:	n.m.	bar/tavern
	mai kadah:	n.m.	bar/tavern
maidaan:	A	n.m.	open field/battlefield/ground
muyassar:	A	adj.	facilitated/easy/possible/feasible

################################################################################

					noon
					----
naa:		P&H	pref.	no/not/termination of the infinitive
	naa aashnaa:	adj.	not acquainted/stranger
	naa ittifaaqi:	n.f.	discord/disagreement
	naa ummeedee:	n.f.	hopelessness/despair
	naa insaafi:	n.f.	injustice
	naa bood:	adj.	nonexistent/annihilated/extinct
	naa paa'idari:	n.f.	inconstancy/frailty
	naa pasand:	adj.	disliked/unacceptable/offensive
	naa tars:	adj.	hard-hearted/severe/pitiless
	naa tamaam:	adj.	incomplete
	naa tawaani:	n.f.	weakness/inability
	naa jaa'iz:	adj.	unlawful
	naa chaar:	adj.	helpless/destitute/forlorn
	naa cheez:	adj.	trifling/insignificant/worthless
	naa khushi:	n.f.	disagreeableness/displeasure
	naa daari:	n.f.	poverty
	naa daanistah:	adv.	unwittingly/unknowingly
	naa daani:	n.f.	ignorance
	naa deedah:	adj.	greedy
	naa raasti:	n.f.	dishonesty
	naa raazi:	n.f.	discontent
	naa saaz:	adj.	indisposed/dissonant/uncivil
	naa samajh:	adj.	ignorant/dull/foolish
	naa shaad:	adj.	cheerless/joyless/dull
	naa shukr:	adj.	ungrateful
	naa shinaas:	adj.	ignorant
	naa saaf:	adj.	unclean/impure/unchaste
	naa saboor:	adj.	impatient/restless
	naa taaqat:	adj.	weak/feeble
	naa farmaan:	adj.	disobedient
	naa fahm:	adj.	stupid
	naa qaabil:	adj.	unfit/unworthy/incapable
	naa qadr:	adj.	unappreciative
	naa kaam:	adj.	unsuccessful
	naa kas:	adj.	worthless/base
	naa gawaar:	adj.	unpleasant/unpalatable
	naa laa'iq:	adj.	unworthy/unsuitable/improper
	naa muraad:	adj.	disappointed
	naa mard:	adj.	unmanly
	naa ma'loom:	adj.	unknown
	naa mumkin:	adj.	impossible
	naa manzoor:	adj.	disallowed
	naa yaab:	adj.	scarce/rare
naataa:		H	n.m.	relationship/alliance/kin/affinity
naach:		H	n.m.	dance
naakhun:	P	n.m.	nail/claw
naadir:		A	adj.	rare/singular/precious
naadim:		A	adj.	penitent/ashamed/bashful
naar:		A	n.f.	fire/hell
naaz:		P	n.m.	coquetry/airs/pride/elegance/softness/delicacy
naazish:	P	n.f.	pride/arrogance
naazuk:		P	adj.	thin/slender/fragile/delicate
naasoot:	A	n.m.	humanity/human nature
naafiz:		A	adj.	having effect/piercing
naak:		P	suff.	affected with/full of
naalaan:	P	adj.	lamenting/moaning
naalish:	P	n.f.	complaint/accusation
naam:		P	n.m.	name/title/honor/fame/
naamah:		P	n.m.	treatise/book/history
naa'o:		H	n.f.	boat/ship/vessel
naa-onosh:	P	n.m.	carousing/feasting
naa'ib:		A	n.m	assistant/deputy
nabz:		A	n.f.	the pulse
nabi:		A	n.m.	a prophet
nataa'ij:	A	n.m.	results/consequences (plu. of nateejah)
nateejaa:	A	n.m.	result
nisaar:		A	n.m.	throwing/dispersion/scattering/sacrifice
najm:		A	n.m.	star/planet/fortune/horoscope
najeeb:		A	adj.	praiseworthy/noble/generous
nakhraah:	A	n.m.	airr/coquetry/trick/pretence/swagger
nadeem:		A	n.m.	intimate friend
nar:		S&P	n.m.	man/male
niraalee	H	adj.	unequalled/rare/strange
nargis:		P	n.f.	Narcissus/the eye of a mistress
narm:		P	adj.	smooth/tender/soft/slow
nazaakat:	P	n.f.	neatness/elegance/politeness
nazdeek:	P	adj.	near
nisbat:		A	n.f	relation/affinity/attribute/comparison
naseem:		A	n.f.	Zephyr/gentle breeze
nishaan:	P	n.m.	mark/sign/signal/emblem/target/scar/trace
nishaanee:	P	n.f.	mark/sign/souvenir/keepsake
nashaah:	P	n.m.	intoxication/pride/arrogance
nasheen:	P	adj.	sitting
nusrat:		A	n.f.	victory
naseeb:		A	n.m.	fortune/fate/destiny
naseeHat:	A	n.f.	advice/counsel/admonition
nazaarah:	A	n.m.	sight/view/vista
nazaafat:	A	n.f.	purity/neatness
nizaam:		A	n.m.	order/arrangement/custom/system
nazar:		A	n.f.	look/glance/favor/motive/view/countenance
nazm:		A	n.f.	poetry/verse
nazm:		A	n.m.	order/arangement
na'sh:		A	n.f.	coffin/corpse/bier
ni'am:		A	n.f.	favors/benefits
na'eem:		A	n.f.	pleasure/ease/tranquility
naghmaah:	A	n.m.	melody/song/musical note
nafrat:		A	n.f.	aversion/disgust/fright/terror
nafs:		A	n.m.	soul/spirit/essence
naqsh:		A	n.m.	painting/picture/map/mark
naqshah:	A	n.m.	portrait/model/design/example
nuqsaan:	A	n.m.	loss
naql:		A	n.f.	narration/tale/mimicing/copying/aping
naqli:		A	adj.	artificial/spurious/counterfiet
nikaah:		A	n.m.	matrimony
nakbat:		A	n.f.	calamity/misfortune
nuktah:		A	n.m.	subtlety conceit/point of wit/epigram
	nuktah been:	adj.	hypercritical
	nuktah cheen:	adj.	captious
	nuktah daan:	adj.	sagacious
nigaar:		P	n.m.	painting/picture/sweetheart/beloved
nigaah:		P	n.f.	look/glance/sight/custody/care
	nigaah baan:	n.m.	protector/guard
nam:		P	n.m.	moisture/wetness/dampness
nam:		P	adj.	moist/wet/damp
namaaz:		A	n.f.	prayer
numaa'ish:	P	n.f.	show/display/sight/spectacle
namoonah:	P	n.m.	example/sample/specimen
nau:		P	adj.	new/fresh/raw
	nau bahaar:	n.f.	early spring
	nau jawaani:	n.f.	youth/prime of life
	nau nihaal:	n.m.	sapling/young man
nawaazish:	P	n.f.	kindness/favor/patronage
naubat:		A	n.f.	turn/time
noor:		A	n.m	light
nihaal:		P	n.m	sapling
nihaan.:	P	n.m	latent/hidden/secret/
niyaaz:		P	n.f.	desire/plea/poverty/need
niyyat:		A	n.f.	intention/purpose/will/aim
nek:		P	adj.	good/lucky/virtuous/pious
neelaam:	(Port.)	n.m.	auction
nim:		P	adj.	middle/half
niyoosh:	P	adj.	listening/hearing

################################################################################

					vaa-o
					-----
o:		P	conj.	and
waa:		P	adj.	open
waa:		P	adv.	again/back
waa:		P	prep.	with
	waa bastah:	adj.	bound together/attached
	waa pas:	adj.	behind/back/returning again
	waa rastah:	adj.	free/delivered/escaped/carefree
	waa sokht:	n.m.	aversion/disgust
waasiq:		A	adj.	strong/firm/confident/secure
waajib:		A	adj.	necessary/obligatory
waajibaat:	A	n.m.	duties (plu. of waajib)
waajid:		A	adj.	possessor/creator
waahid:		A	adj.	unique/one/single/unit
waar:		H	n.m.	blow/attack/stroke
waar:		P	suff.	like/resembling/possessing
waar:		S	n.m.	day of the week/moment
waaris:		A	n.m.	heir
waarid:		A	adj.	coming/arriving/happening
waaridaat:	A	adj.	events/occurences (plu. of waarid)
waastah:	A	n.m.	account/sake/reason/means/motive
waaste:		A	prep.	for/for the sake of
waazih:		A	adj.	clear/evident/apparent
waaqi':		A	adj.	occuring/happening
waaqi'i:	A	adv.	really/actually/truly
waaqi'i:	A	adj.	true/real/proper
waalid:		A	n.m.	father
waalidah:	A	n.f.	mother
waalah:		A	adj.	distracted/mad with love
waan:		H	suff.	possessing/endowed with
waahimah:	A	n.m.	imagination/fancy/whim
wajaahat:	A	n.f.	dignity/respect/beauty
wajd:		A	n.m.	ecstasy/rapture/excessive love
wijdaan:	A	n.m.	ecstasy/rapture/intuition
wujood:		A	n.m.	existence/essence/being
waj-h:		A	n.m.	cause/reason/mode/manner/face/appearance
wajeeh:		A	n.m.	handsome/respectable/good appearance
waHshat:	A	n.f.	solitude/grief/fear/sadness/loneliness
waHeed:		A	adj.	singular/unique/alone
widaad:		A	n.f.	friendship/love/affection
widaa':		A	n.m.	farewell
wadood:		A	adj.	loving/friendly
war:		P	suff.	possessing/having
warnah:		P	adv.	and if not/otherwise
wazn:		A	n.m.	weight/measure/metre/rhyme/esteem/honor
waseem:		A	adj.	handsome/fine countenance
wash:		P	suff.	like/resembling
wasf:		A	n.m.	praise/merit/virtue
wusool:		A	n.m.	collection/acquisition
wasiyyat:	A	n.f.	testament/last will/legacy/bequest
wazaahat:	A	n.f.	vivid description
waza':		A	n.f.	state/position/situation
watan:		A	n.m.	native country
wa'dah:		A	n.m.	promise/agreement
waghairah:	A	adv.	et cetera/and so forth
wafaa:		A	n.f.	fulfilling a promise/fulfilment/fidelity
	wafaa begaanah:	adj.	faithless
	wafaa daar:	adj.	faithful/sincere
wafaat:		A	n.f.	death
waqt:		A	n.m.	time/term/season/hour/opportunity
waqf:		A	n.m.	religious bequest
wakaalat:	A	n.f.	advocacy/attorneyship
wakeel:		A	n.m.	lawyer/attorney
wilaayat:	A	n.f.	a foreign country/abroad/realm/union with God
walee:		A	n.m.	lord/prince/master/friend/guardian
wahm:		A	n.m.	imagination/idea/fancy/opinion/fear/suspicion
wairaagi:	S	n.m.	ascetic/recluse
weeraan:	P	adj.	desolate/ruined
weeraanah:	P	n.m.	a ruined place
weeraani:	P	n.f.	desolation/destruction/ruin

################################################################################

				chhoTi he
				---------
haatif:		P	n.m.	angel/voice from heaven
haath:		H	n.m.	hand/arm/clutches/power/slap/reach
haadi:		A	n.m.	guide/leader/director
haar:		S&P	n.m.	necklace/garland
haar:		H	n.f.	loss/defeat/fatigue
haalah:		A	n.m.	halo/nimbus/circle round the moon
haamoon:	P	n.m.	desert/plain/level ground
haawiyah:	A	n.m.	the lowest region of hell
haa'ilah	A	adj.	terrible/horrible
huboot:		A	n.m.	decline/downfall/descent
hibah:		A	n.m.	gift/bequest/grant
hatauRa:	H	n.m.	sledgehammer
hatauRee:	H	n.f.	small hammer
hathyaar:	H	n.f.	tool/weapon
hathelee:	H	n.f.	palm of the hand
hijr:		A	n.m.	separation/absence from one's country
hijrat:		A	n.f.	separation/flight (flight of the Prophet
				from Mecca to Medina)
hujoom:		A	n.m.	crowd/mob/tumult/assault/attack
hidaayat:	A	n.f.	instruction/guidance/righteousness
hadaf:		A	n.m.	target/goal/object
hazaa:		A	pron.	this
har:	    	P	adj.	all/every/each
	har ek:		adj.	every one
	har baar:	adv.	every time
	har jaa'ee:	adj.	vagabond/faithless
	har dam:	adv.	every moment
hiraas:		P	n.m.	fear/terror/confusion/sorrow/disappointment
harj:		A	n.m.	tumult/sedition/trouble/loss/harm/injury
harzah:		P	adj.	nonsense/absurd/frivolous/vain
hargiz:		P	adv.	ever/never
haryaalee:	H	n.f.	greeness/freshness/grass
hazl:		A	n.m.	joke/jest/pleasantries
hasti:	    	P	n.f.	life/existence
hushyaar:	P	adj.	intelligent/alert/awake
haftah:		P	n.m.	a week
hakaazah:	A	adv.	similarly
halaak:		A	adj.	ruined/destroyed
halaak:		A	n.f.	ruin/destruction/slaughter/death
hilaal:     	A	n.m.	new moon/the crescent
ham:		P	conj.	also/likewise/together/with/similar
			& adv.
	ham bazm:	adj.	of the same society
	ham batn:	adj.	related by blood
	ham batn:	n.m.	blood-relation/close ally
	ham taa:	adj.	equal/alike
	ham jalees:	adj. 	close friend
			& n.m.
	ham jolee:	n.f. 	playmate/equal/peer/friend
			& n.m.
	ham dard:	n.f.	sympathizer/partner in adversity
	ham raaz:	adj.	confidant
	ham raah:	n.m.	fellow-traveller
	ham zabaan.:	adj.	unanimous/of the same language
	ham saaz:	adj.	friendly/unanimous
	ham saayah:	n.m.	neighbor
	ham safar:	n.m.	fellow-traveller
	ham mazhab:	adj.	coreligionist
	ham nasheen:	n.m.	playmate/associate
humaa:		P	n.m.	eagle/phoenix/bird of Paradise
humaayun:	P	adj.	august/royal/fortunate
himmat:		A	n.f.	spirit/mind/courage/desire/design
hameshaah:	P	adv.	always
han.gaam:	P	n.m.	season/time/period
han.gaamah:	P	n.m.	tumult/riot/uproar/confusion/disorder
hawaa:		A	n.f.	wind/breeze/air/atmosphere
hawas:		A	n.f.	ambition/desire/lust
hosh:		P	n.m.	sense/mind/understanding
haul:		A	n.m.	terror/horror/fright
hunar:		P	n.m.	skill/art
heeraa:		H	n.m.	diamond
hai'at:		A	n.f.	astronomy/face/figure;commission/delegation

################################################################################

			chhoTi ye/baRi ye
			-----------------
yaa:		A	intj.	O!
yaa:		P	conj.	either/or
yaad:		P	n.f.	remembrance/memory/recollection
	yaad daasht:	n.f.	a note/memorandum/memory
	yaad gaar:	 	memorial/souvenir/keepsake
yaar:		P	n.m.	friend/lover/companion
yaaraa:		P	n.m.	strength/courage/power
yaaraanah:	P	n.m.	friendship
yaaraanah:	P	adv.	friendly
yaari:		P	n.f.	friendship/assistance/love/intrigue
yaas:		A	n.f.	despair/fear/terror
yaaghi:		T	n.m.	rebel/enemy
yaaqoot:	P	n.m.	ruby/garnet
yaawar:		P	adj.	aiding/friendly
yaawar:		P	n.m.	assistant/companion/friend
yaawari:	P	n.f.	favor/assistance/friendship
yaawah:		P	adj.	absurd/vain/futile/lost/ruined
yataamaa:	A	n.m.	orphans  (plu. of yateem)
yateem:		A	n.m.	orphan
yad:		A	n.m.	hand/power/authority/protection/succor
yazdaan:	P	n.m.	God
yasaar:		A	n.m.	left/left hand; affluence/opulence
ya'ni:		A	adv.	namely/that is to say
yaqin:		A	n.m.	certainity/assurance/truth/confidence/trust
	yaqinan:	adv.	certainly/verily/assuredly/indeed
yak:		P	adj.	one/a/an
	yak jaan:	adj.	one soul
	yak dil:	adj.	unanimous
	yak rukhee:	adj.	one-sided
	yak zabaan:	adj.	uniform opinion or speech
	yak sar:	adj.	all at once
	yak soo:	adj.	on one side/aside
	yak lakht:	adv.	all at once/suddenly
yaktaa:		P	adj.	single/unique/matchless/incomparable
yagaanah:	P	n.m.	kinsman/kindred
yagaanah:	P	adj.	unique/single/sole/agreed/unequalled
yumn:		A	n.m.	felicity/prosperity/good luck
yamin:		A	n.m.	right hand; oath
yoorish:	T	n.f.	assault/storm/invasion
yaum:		A	n.m.	a day
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Important Data Guard Queries

January 6th, 2016, posted in Oracle Queries
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Some Data Guard Queries,Oracle Data Guard Queries,Important Data Guard Queries,Oracle Important Data Guard Queries,Oracle DBA,Important Oracle Data Guard Queries,Oracle Data Guard Queries,Oracle Queries

Standby Database Process Status:


You can run following query on standby database to see what MRP and RFS processes are doing, which block of which archivelog sequences are being shipped or being applied.

SQL> select process, status, thread#, sequence#, block#, blocks from v$managed_standby ;
PROCESS   STATUS          THREAD#  SEQUENCE#     BLOCK#     BLOCKS
--------- ------------ ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
ARCH      CLOSING               1      69479     932864        261
ARCH      CLOSING               1      69480     928768        670
ARCH      CLOSING               2      75336     933888        654
ARCH      CLOSING               2      78079     930816        842
ARCH      CLOSING               1      69475     943104         79
RFS       IDLE                  0          0          0          0
...
RFS       RECEIVING             1      69481     688130       1024
MRP0      WAIT_FOR_LOG          2      78080          0          0
RFS       IDLE                  2      78080     873759          3
 

Last Applied Log:


Run this query on the standby database to see the last applied archivelog sequence number for each thread.

 SQL> SELECT thread#, max(SEQUENCE#) FROM V$ARCHIVED_LOG where APPLIED='YES' group by thread#;
   THREAD# MAX(SEQUENCE#)
---------- --------------
         1          69479

              2                       78079

 

Apply/transport lags:


v$dataguard_stats view will show the general synchronization status of standby database.

Better to use on 11gR2 even with the latest PSU (Check bugs : 13394040, 7119382, 9968073, 7507011, 13045332, 6874522).

SQL> set lines 200
SQL> col name format a40
SQL> col value format a20
SQL> select * from v$dataguard_stats;
NAME                     VALUE             UNIT        TIME_COMPUTED         DATUM_TIME
------------------------ ----------------- ------      --------------------- ---------------------
transport lag            +00 00:09:44      …           07/01/2013 15:49:29   07/01/2013 15:49:27
apply lag                +00 00:09:44      …           07/01/2013 15:49:29   07/01/2013 15:49:27
apply finish time        +00 00:00:00.001  …           07/01/2013 15:49:29
estimated startup time   27                second      07/01/2013 15:49:29   

Apply rate:


To find out the speed of media recovery in a standby database, you can use this query:

SQL> set lines 200
SQL> col type format a30
SQL> col ITEM format a20
SQL> col comments format a20
SQL> select * from v$recovery_progress;
START_TIM TYPE             ITEM                 UNITS        SOFAR      TOTAL TIMESTAMP COMMENTS
--------- ---------------- -------------------- ------------------ ---------- --------- ----
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Log Files            Files         3363          0
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Active Apply Rate    KB/sec       21584          0
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Average Apply Rate   KB/sec        3239          0
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Maximum Apply Rate   KB/sec       48913          0
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Redo Applied         Megabytes  2953165          0
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Last Applied Redo    SCN+Time         0          0 01-JUL-13
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Active Time          Seconds     233822          0
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Apply Time per Log   Seconds         57          0
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Checkpoint Time per  Seconds         11          0
                           Log
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Elapsed Time         Seconds     933565          0
20-JUN-13 Media Recovery   Standby Apply Lag    Seconds        483          0
11 rows selected.

You can also use below before 11gR2. (Deprecated in 11gR2):

SQL> select APPLY_RATE from V$STANDBY_APPLY_SNAPSHOT;

To check Redo apply mode on physical standby database:

SQL> SELECT RECOVERY_MODE FROM V$ARCHIVE_DEST_STATUS where dest_id=2;
RECOVERY_MODE
-----------------------
MANAGED

To check what MRP process is waiting:

select a.event, a.wait_time, a.seconds_in_wait from gv$session_wait a, gv$session b where a.sid=b.sid and b.sid=(select SID from v$session where PADDR=(select PADDR from v$bgprocess where NAME='MRP0'))
EVENT                                           WAIT_TIME SECONDS_IN_WAIT
---------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------------
parallel recovery control message reply                 0               0

 

Archive Lag Histogram:


The  V$STANDBY_EVENT_HISTOGRAM view came with 11gR2 and shows the historical occurance of archive lags in terms of seconds. For example following output shows that in 07/01/2013 archive lag reached 5 hours and in 06/15/2013 gap was 22 hours which was resolved after more than a week.

SQL> col name format a10
SQL> select * from  V$STANDBY_EVENT_HISTOGRAM;
NAME             TIME UNIT             COUNT LAST_TIME_UPDATED
---------- ---------- ------------  -------- --------------------
apply lag           0 seconds              0
apply lag           1 seconds              1 04/13/2013 01:40:23
apply lag           2 seconds              1 04/13/2013 01:40:24
apply lag           3 seconds              1 04/13/2013 01:40:25
apply lag           4 seconds              1 04/13/2013 01:40:26
...
apply lag          25 seconds              3 05/21/2013 06:31:19
apply lag          26 seconds              3 05/21/2013 06:31:20
apply lag          27 seconds              3 05/21/2013 06:31:23
apply lag          28 seconds              5 05/21/2013 06:31:22
apply lag          29 seconds              1 05/15/2013 07:47:46
apply lag          30 seconds              4 05/21/2013 06:31:24
...
apply lag          44 seconds              8 06/26/2013 00:33:14
apply lag          45 seconds              8 06/26/2013 00:33:15
apply lag          46 seconds              8 06/26/2013 00:33:17
apply lag          47 seconds              8 06/26/2013 00:33:18
apply lag          48 seconds              9 06/26/2013 00:33:19
...
apply lag          57 seconds             29 06/26/2013 06:33:02
apply lag          58 seconds             25 06/26/2013 06:33:27
apply lag          59 seconds             28 06/26/2013 06:33:28
apply lag           1 minutes              0
apply lag           2 minutes           9316 06/30/2013 18:33:45
apply lag           3 minutes          94601 07/01/2013 14:23:11
apply lag           4 minutes         209262 07/01/2013 14:56:13
apply lag           5 minutes         355744 07/01/2013 16:02:33
apply lag           6 minutes         522176 07/01/2013 16:03:30
apply lag           7 minutes         634199 07/01/2013 16:01:10
...
apply lag          47 minutes          28174 07/01/2013 05:14:53
apply lag          48 minutes          28231 07/01/2013 05:14:49
apply lag          49 minutes          27099 07/01/2013 05:14:44
apply lag          50 minutes          26532 07/01/2013 05:14:40
...
apply lag           3 hours           564493 07/01/2013 05:00:08
apply lag           4 hours           511628 06/22/2013 07:43:26
apply lag           5 hours           448572 06/22/2013 07:34:03
apply lag           6 hours           369037 06/22/2013 07:09:59
apply lag           7 hours           206117 06/21/2013 00:53:27
apply lag           8 hours           137932 06/21/2013 00:33:53
apply lag           9 hours           137091 06/21/2013 00:03:33
apply lag          10 hours            98103 06/20/2013 23:26:34
apply lag          11 hours           104157 06/20/2013 22:53:12
apply lag          12 hours           102141 06/20/2013 22:14:07
apply lag          13 hours            89214 06/20/2013 21:32:22
apply lag          14 hours            64880 06/20/2013 21:04:29
apply lag          15 hours            43471 06/20/2013 21:01:45
apply lag          16 hours            38075 06/20/2013 20:59:37
apply lag          17 hours            38449 06/20/2013 20:55:34
apply lag          18 hours            22049 06/16/2013 01:22:55
apply lag          19 hours            19873 06/16/2013 00:53:55
apply lag          20 hours            15985 06/15/2013 23:52:16
apply lag          21 hours            13290 06/15/2013 03:08:49
apply lag          22 hours             7330 06/15/2013 02:07:26
apply lag          23 hours             1606 02/15/2013 22:16:11
apply lag           1 days              3216 02/15/2013 22:00:42
apply lag           2 days             16768 02/15/2013 20:54:06
144 rows selected.


Redo switch report of primary database can be seen with the following query. This information may be helpful when investigating the possible causes of archive gaps, apply lags or data guard performance issues.

SQL> SET PAGESIZE 9999
SQL> col day format a15
SQL> SELECT A.*, Round(A.Count#*B.AVG#/1024/1024) Daily_Avg_Mb FROM(SELECT To_Char(First_Time,'YYYY-MM-DD') DAY, Count(1) Count#, Min(RECID) Min#, Max(RECID) Max# FROM gv$log_history GROUP BY To_Char(First_Time,'YYYY-MM-DD') ORDER BY 1 DESC) A,(SELECT Avg(BYTES) AVG#, Count(1) Count#, Max(BYTES) Max_Bytes, Min(BYTES) Min_Bytes FROM gv$log ) B;
DAY                 COUNT#       MIN#       MAX# DAILY_AVG_MB
--------------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------------
2013-07-01             442     147345     147566       452608
2013-06-30             526     147083     147347       538624
2013-06-29             532     146817     147082       544768
2013-06-28             928     146353     146816       950272
2013-06-27             760     145973     146352       778240
2013-06-26             708     145619     145972       724992
2013-06-25             560     145338     145618       573440
2013-06-24             498     145090     145339       509952
2013-06-23             104     145038     145089       106496
2013-06-22             338     144869     145037       346112
2013-06-21             748     144495     144868       765952
2013-06-20             748     144121     144494       765952
2013-06-19             952     143645     144120       974848
2013-06-18             882     143204     143644       903168
2013-06-17             914     142746     143203       935936
2013-06-16             454     142520     142747       464896
2013-06-15            1520     141760     142519      1556480
2013-06-14            1862     140829     141759      1906688
2013-06-13             970     140343     140828       993280
2013-06-12             598     140045     140345       612352
2013-06-11             550     139770     140044       563200
2013-06-10             516     139511     139769       528384
2013-06-09             178     139423     139512       182272
2013-06-08             296     139275     139422       303104
2013-06-07             490     139030     139274       501760
2013-06-06             572     138744     139029       585728
2013-06-05             488     138499     138743       499712

Following PL/SQL code can be used to find out time difference between primary and standby database. (Run on primary database, not for real-time apply)
Following output shows 10 minutes and 54 seconds of time difference.

set serveroutput on;
DECLARE
   v_diff NUMBER := 0;
   v_hrs NUMBER := 0;
   v_min NUMBER := 0;
   v_sec NUMBER := 0;
   p_dte1 DATE;
   p_dte2 DATE;
   date1 long;
   date2 long;
   BEGIN
   date1 := 'select sysdate from dual';
   date2 := 'select MAX (next_time) FROM gv$archived_log where APPLIED=''YES''';
   execute immediate date1 into p_dte1;
   execute immediate date2 into p_dte2;
   v_diff := ABS(p_dte2 - p_dte1);
   v_hrs := TRUNC(v_diff, 0)*24;
   v_diff := (v_diff - TRUNC(v_diff, 0))*24;
   v_hrs := v_hrs + TRUNC(v_diff, 0);
   v_diff := (v_diff - TRUNC(v_diff, 0))*60;
   v_min := TRUNC(v_diff, 0);
   v_sec := TRUNC((v_diff - TRUNC(v_diff, 0))*60, 0);
   DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line(
   TO_CHAR(v_hrs) ||' '||
   TO_CHAR(v_min) ||' '||
   TO_CHAR(v_sec) );
END;
/
0 10 54
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

This one will give the same output with the above code, but this must be run on standby database.

set serveroutput on;
DECLARE
   v_diff NUMBER := 0;
   v_hrs NUMBER := 0;
   v_min NUMBER := 0;
   v_sec NUMBER := 0;
   p_dte1 DATE;
   p_dte2 DATE;
   date1 long;
   date2 long;
   BEGIN
   date1 := 'select sysdate from dual';
   date2 := 'select max(TIMESTAMP) from v$recovery_progress';
   execute immediate date1 into p_dte1;
   execute immediate date2 into p_dte2;
   v_diff := ABS(p_dte2 - p_dte1);
   v_hrs := TRUNC(v_diff, 0)*24;
   v_diff := (v_diff - TRUNC(v_diff, 0))*24;
   v_hrs := v_hrs + TRUNC(v_diff, 0);
   v_diff := (v_diff - TRUNC(v_diff, 0))*60;
   v_min := TRUNC(v_diff, 0);
   v_sec := TRUNC((v_diff - TRUNC(v_diff, 0))*60, 0);
   DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line(
   TO_CHAR(v_hrs) ||' '||
   TO_CHAR(v_min) ||' '||
   TO_CHAR(v_sec) );
END;
/
0 10 54
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

The last one is a shell command and lists the archive log apply records of standby database alert log with the corresponding times at the end of the line. This is useful to see a clean picture of redo apply status on the standby database.

tail -10000 /u01/app/oracle/product/diag/rdbms/testdb/TESTDB/trace/alert_TESTDB.log |awk -v x="" '{if (index($0,"Media Recovery Log ")!=0) print $0" "x; else if($1=="Mon"||$1=="Tue"||$1=="Wed"||$1=="Thu"||$1=="Fri"||$1=="Sat"||$1=="Sun") x=$0}'
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69468.904.819643305 Mon Jul 01 14:42:14 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69469.899.819643701 Mon Jul 01 14:48:51 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_2_seq_78072.741.819643579 Mon Jul 01 14:49:24 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69470.956.819643639 Mon Jul 01 14:50:30 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_2_seq_78073.1129.819644003 Mon Jul 01 14:53:55 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69471.1123.819643961 Mon Jul 01 14:54:10 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69472.861.819644303 Mon Jul 01 14:58:54 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_2_seq_78074.1136.819644507 Mon Jul 01 15:02:14 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69473.1024.819644695 Mon Jul 01 15:05:24 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_2_seq_78075.936.819644933 Mon Jul 01 15:09:25 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69474.904.819645085 Mon Jul 01 15:11:57 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69475.911.819645509 Mon Jul 01 15:19:01 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_2_seq_78076.899.819645377 Mon Jul 01 15:19:17 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69476.1018.819646001 Mon Jul 01 15:27:12 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_2_seq_78077.1060.819645837 Mon Jul 01 15:27:53 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69477.956.819645995 Mon Jul 01 15:28:48 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_2_seq_78078.861.819646339 Mon Jul 01 15:32:50 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69478.1123.819646363 Mon Jul 01 15:33:17 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69479.741.819646705 Mon Jul 01 15:38:57 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_2_seq_78079.890.819646767 Mon Jul 01 15:40:00 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69480.904.819647027 Mon Jul 01 15:44:21 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_2_seq_78080.911.819647307 Mon Jul 01 15:48:59 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69481.1136.819647365 Mon Jul 01 15:49:57 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69482.1018.819647679 Mon Jul 01 15:55:10 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_2_seq_78081.936.819647855 Mon Jul 01 15:58:03 2013
Media Recovery Log +DATA/…/thread_1_seq_69483.1024.819648003 Mon Jul 01 16:00:35 2013
 

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