Posts Tagged ‘Oracle APPs DBA’

Function To Convert Number To Arabic Number

April 28th, 2019, posted in Oracle Queries
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Function To Convert Number To Arabic Number,Arabic Number,English Arabic Number,Oracle Numbers,Oracle DBA,Oracle Apps DBA,Oracle Coding,Oracle Arabic Number Query
FUNCTION convert_to_arabic (p_input IN VARCHAR2, p_msg OUT VARCHAR2)
    RETURN VARCHAR2
    IS
    --

    l_output VARCHAR2(20) DEFAULT NULL;
    CURSOR csr_convert (cp_value VARCHAR2)

    IS

    SELECT TRANSLATE (cp_value,'0123456789',

                         UNISTR ('\0660')
                      || UNISTR ('\0661')
                      || UNISTR ('\0662')
                      || UNISTR ('\0663')
                      || UNISTR ('\0664')
                      || UNISTR ('\0665')
                      || UNISTR ('\0666')
                      || UNISTR ('\0667')
                      || UNISTR ('\0668')
                      || UNISTR ('\0669')
                    ) arabic_numerals
       FROM DUAL;

    BEGIN


    IF p_input IS NOT NULL THEN

      
        OPEN csr_convert(p_input);
        FETCH csr_convert INTO l_output;
        CLOSE csr_convert;

    END IF;

    RETURN l_output;
    EXCEPTION     
    WHEN OTHERS THEN
        IF csr_convert%ISOPEN THEN
            CLOSE csr_convert;

        END IF;
      
       p_msg := SUBSTR(SQLERRM,1,200);
       RETURN l_output;
    END convert_to_arabic;

 

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Oracle Database : How to Backup Oracle Database using RMAN with Examples

October 28th, 2018, posted in Oracle Queries
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Even if you are not an Oracle DBA, you’ll still encounter a situation where you may have to take a backup of an Oracle database.

Using Oracle RMAN, you can take a hot backup for your database, which will take a consistent backup even when your DB is up and running.

This tutorial gives you an introduction on how to perform Oracle DB backup using RMAN.

For the impatient, here is the quick snippet, that takes RMAN backup of both database and archive logs.

RMAN> BACKUP AS BACKUPSET DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;

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1. View Current RMAN Configuration

Before we take the backup, we have to configure certain RMAN parameters. For example, how long you want to reatain the RMAN backup, etc.

Before we modify any configuration, execute the following command to view all current RMAN configuration settings.

To connect to RMAN, do the following from command line. This will take you to RMAN> command prompt, from here you can execute all RMAN commands.

$ rman target /
Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on Sat Aug 10 11:21:29 2013
Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
connected to target database: DEVDB (DBID=821773)
RMAN>

To view current RMAN configurations, execute “show all”.

RMAN> SHOW ALL;
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
RMAN configuration parameters are:
CONFIGURE RETENTION POLICY TO RECOVERY WINDOW OF 2 DAYS;
CONFIGURE BACKUP OPTIMIZATION ON;
CONFIGURE DEFAULT DEVICE TYPE TO DISK;
CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP ON;
CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO "/backup/rman/ctl_%F";
CONFIGURE DEVICE TYPE DISK BACKUP TYPE TO COMPRESSED BACKUPSET PARALLELISM 2;
CONFIGURE DATAFILE BACKUP COPIES FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO 1;
CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG BACKUP COPIES FOR DEVICE TYPE DISK TO 1;
CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT   "/backup/rman/full_%u_%s_%p" MAXPIECESIZE 2048 M;
CONFIGURE MAXSETSIZE TO UNLIMITED;
CONFIGURE ENCRYPTION FOR DATABASE OFF;
CONFIGURE ENCRYPTION ALGORITHM 'AES128';
CONFIGURE ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY TO NONE;
CONFIGURE SNAPSHOT CONTROLFILE NAME TO '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/dbs/snapcf_devdb.f'; # default

As you see above, it displays various RMAN parameters and their current values.

2. Change Few RMAN Configuration Parameters

Location: One of the important configuration parameters to set will be, where you want to save the RMAN backup. In the following example, I’m settting the RMAN backup loacation as “/backup/rman/”

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT '/backup/rman/full_%u_%s_%p';

Retention Period: Next, you should specify how long you want to retain the backup for. When RMAN takes a backup, it automatically deletes all the old backups that are older than the retention period. In the following example, I’m setting the retention period as 7 days, which will keep the DB backup for a week.

RMAN> CONFIGURE RETENTION POLICY TO RECOVERY WINDOW OF 7 DAYS;

Verify that the above two changes are done.

RMAN> SHOW ALL;
..
CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT   '/backup/rman/full_%u_%s_%p';
CONFIGURE RETENTION POLICY TO RECOVERY WINDOW OF 7 DAYS;
..

Clear a Parameter: If you want to clear a parameter and set its value to default, use CLEAR at the end of the configuration as shown below.

RMAN> CONFIGURE RETENTION POLICY CLEAR;

In this example, since we cleared the retention policy’s value, it was set to the default value, which is 1. So, the retention policy is set to 1 day as shown below.

RMAN> SHOW ALL;
CONFIGURE RETENTION POLICY TO REDUNDANCY 1; # default

 

3. Backup Oracle Database

Make sure the directory mentioned in the CHANNEK DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT is created. i.e /backup/rman/

$ mkdir -p /backup/rman

Currently this directory is empty. We’ll see what this has after the backup is taken.

$ ls -l /backup/rman
total 0

We can take a backup using image copy or in backup set. It is strongly recommended to use RMAN backup sets to backup the database.

RMAN stores the backup in backup sets, which are nothing but whole bunch of files which contains the backed-up data. Only RMAN understands the format of these files. So, if you backup an Oracle DB using RMAN, only RMAN knows how to read the backup and restore it.

Typically we’ll use “BACKUP AS BACKUPSET” to backup a database. So, to take a full backup of the database without the archive logs, do the following.

RMAN> BACKUP AS BACKUPSET DATABASE

To take a full backup of the database with the archive logs, do the following:

RMAN> BACKUP AS BACKUPSET DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG;

You can also take a backup of only a specific table space. The following example takes backup of only PRD01 tablespace.

RMAN> BACKUP AS BACKUPSET TABLESPACE PRD01;

The RMAN backup output will be something similar to the following:

RMAN> BACKUP AS BACKUPSET DATABASE
Starting backup at 10-AUG-13
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=193 devtype=DISK
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_2
channel ORA_DISK_2: sid=192 devtype=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backupset
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backupset
input datafile fno=00025 name=/u03/oradata/devdb/devuser07.dbf
input datafile fno=00003 name=/u02/oradata/devdb/temp01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 10-AUG-13
channel ORA_DISK_2: starting full datafile backupset
channel ORA_DISK_2: specifying datafile(s) in backupset
input datafile fno=00008 name=/u03/oradata/devdb/devusers05.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_2: starting piece 1 at 10-AUG-13
...
..

piece handle=/backup/rman/full_4dogpd0u_4237_1 tag=TAG20130808T114846 comment=NONE
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
Finished backup at 10-AUG-13
...
Starting Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 10-AUG-13
piece handle=/backup/rman/ctl_c-758818131-20130808-00 comment=NONE
Finished Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 10-AUG-13

Once the backup is completed, do an ls on the /backup/rman directory, you’ll now see RMAN backup files.

$ ls -l /backup/rman
total 14588
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 14585856 Aug  8 11:48 ctl_c-758818131-20130808-00
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba   327680 Aug  8 11:48 full_4dogpd0u_4237_1

Note: Once a backup is taken, to view all available database backups from RMAN, you need to use “list” command that is shown further down in one of the examples.

While this may be obvious, it is worth repeating again: Since we are taking hotbackup, the Oracle database can be up and running. Make sure your Oracle database is running before you execute any of the above RMAN backup commands.

4. Assign Backup TAG Name for Quick Identification

If you are taking lot of backups, it will be easier to assign a tag to a particular backup, which we’ll later use during Oracle recovery (or while using list command to view it).

The following example assign a backup tag called “WEEEKLY_PRD01_TBLS_BK_ONLY” to this particular backup.

RMAN> BACKUP AS BACKUPSET TAG 'WEEEKLY_PRD01_TBLS_BK_ONLY' TABLESPACE PRD01;
Starting backup at 10-AUG-13
using channel ORA_DISK_1
using channel ORA_DISK_2
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backupset
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backupset
input datafile fno=00002 name=/u03/oradata/devdb/PRD01_1.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 10-AUG-13
channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 10-AUG-13
piece handle=/backup/rman/full_4fogpdb3_4239_1 tag=WEEEKLY_PRD01_TBLS_BK_ONLY comment=NONE
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished backup at 10-AUG-13
Starting Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 10-AUG-13
piece handle=/backup/rman/ctl_c-758818131-20130808-01 comment=NONE
Finished Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 10-AUG-13

Once the backup is finished, if you view the files from rman directory, you’ll not see the tag name here. Tag name is used only from RMAN repositories to view and restore backups. So, now you see there are more files in this directory, as we’ve taken couple of backups.

$ ls -l /backup/rman/
total 29176
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 14585856 Aug  8 11:48 ctl_c-758818131-20130808-00
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 14585856 Aug  8 11:54 ctl_c-758818131-20130808-01
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba   327680 Aug  8 11:48 full_4dogpd0u_4237_1
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba   327680 Aug  8 11:54 full_4fogpdb3_4239_1

 

5. Change Oracle RMAN Backup File Name Format

If you want the backup files itself will be in a specific format, you need to change the format in the RMAN configuration as shown below. In this example, we’ve appended the tag “full_devdb_bk_” prefix to all our backup files.

RMAN> CONFIGURE CHANNEL DEVICE TYPE DISK FORMAT   "/backup/rman/full_devdb_bk_%u_%s_%p" MAXPIECESIZE 2048 M;

Now, let us take another backup with this modified configuration.

RMAN> BACKUP AS BACKUPSET TAG 'WEEEKLY_PRD01_TBLS_BK_ONLY' TABLESPACE PRD01;

Now when you view the RMAN files, you’ll see the new RMAN backup file has this new file name format for the files. This is easier to identify certain information about the backup just by looking at the file names.

$ ls -l /backup/rman/
total 43764
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 14585856 Aug  8 11:48 ctl_c-758818131-20130808-00
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 14585856 Aug  8 11:54 ctl_c-758818131-20130808-01
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 14585856 Aug  8 11:56 ctl_c-758818131-20130808-02
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba   327680 Aug  8 11:48 full_4dogpd0u_4237_1
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba   327680 Aug  8 11:54 full_4fogpdb3_4239_1
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba   327680 Aug  8 11:55 full_devdb_bk_4hogpdef_4241_1

 

6. Compress a RMAN Backup

If you are taking a backup of a big database, you’ll notice that the RMAN backup files are bigger (almost same size as the database itself).

So, for most situation, you should always tak ea compressed backup of the database.

The following example take a compressed backup of the tablepsace PRD01.

RMAN> BACKUP AS COMPRESSED BACKUPSET TAG 'WEEEKLY_PRD01_TBLS_BK_ONLY' TABLESPACE PRD01;

When you view the backup files from the file system level, you will not see any .gz (or .zip, or .bz2) to indicate that the RMAN has taken a compressed backup. The file naming convention will still follow the same as a non-compressed backup.

$ ls -l /backup/rman/
total 58352
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 14585856 Aug  8 11:48 ctl_c-758818131-20130808-00
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 14585856 Aug  8 11:54 ctl_c-758818131-20130808-01
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 14585856 Aug  8 11:56 ctl_c-758818131-20130808-02
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba 14585856 Aug  8 11:59 ctl_c-758818131-20130808-03
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba   327680 Aug  8 11:48 full_4dogpd0u_4237_1
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba   327680 Aug  8 11:54 full_4fogpdb3_4239_1
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba   327680 Aug  8 11:55 full_devdb_bk_4hogpdef_4241_1
-rw-r----- 1 oracle dba   127680 Aug  8 11:59 full_devdb_bk_4jogpdl0_4243_1

Note: The way to tell whether RMAN has take a compressed backup or not, it by looking at the size, and by looking at the output of the RMAN “list” command which is shown in one of the section below.

7. View all RMAN Backups

To view all the RMAN backups, execute “list backup summary” as shown below.

RMAN> LIST BACKUP SUMMARY;

using target database control file instead of recovery catalog

List of Backups
===============
Key     TY LV S Device Type Completion Time #Pieces #Copies Compressed Tag
------- -- -- - ----------- --------------- ------- ------- ---------- ---
..
4215    B  F  A DISK        10-AUG-13       1       1       NO         TAG20130808T114846
4216    B  F  A DISK        10-AUG-13       1       1       NO         TAG20130808T114849
4217    B  F  A DISK        10-AUG-13       1       1       NO         WEEEKLY_PRD01_TBLS_BK_ONLY
4218    B  F  A DISK        10-AUG-13       1       1       NO         TAG20130808T115413
4219    B  F  A DISK        10-AUG-13       1       1       NO         WEEEKLY_PRD01_TBLS_BK_ONLY
4220    B  F  A DISK        10-AUG-13       1       1       NO         TAG20130808T115600
4221    B  F  A DISK        10-AUG-13       1       1       YES        WEEEKLY_PRD01_TBLS_BK_ONLY

As you see above, it displays various information about the backups. In the above output, it show 7 RMAN backups. The last column shows the “Tag” that we specified when we took a backup. If we didn’t specify any TAG, RMAN creates a default tag with the prefix “TAG” followed by some numbers. You can also see that under the column “Compressed”, the last RMAN backup shows “YES”, which indicates that out of all the 7 RMAN backups, only the last one was compressed.

Also, when the RMAN backup is running, if you want to see the proress, you can query the V$RMAN_STATUS table from sql*plus as shown below.

SQL> SELECT OPERATION, STATUS, MBYTES_PROCESSED, START_TIME, END_TIME from V$RMAN_STATUS;

OPERATION                         STATUS                  MBYTES_PROCESSED START_TIM END_TIME
--------------------------------- ----------------------- ---------------- --------- ---------
CONTROL FILE AND SPFILE AUTOBACK  COMPLETED                             14 07-NOV-12 07-NOV-12
RMAN                              COMPLETED                              0 07-NOV-12 07-NOV-12
RESTORE VALIDATE                  COMPLETED                              0 07-NOV-12 07-NOV-12
RMAN                              COMPLETED WITH ERRORS                  0 07-NOV-12 07-NOV-12
DELETE                            COMPLETED                              0 08-NOV-12 08-NOV-12
BACKUP                            COMPLETED                              0 10-AUG-13 10-AUG-13
CONTROL FILE AND SPFILE AUTOBACK  COMPLETED                             14 10-AUG-13 10-AUG-13
RMAN                              COMPLETED WITH ERRORS               1832 10-AUG-13 10-AUG-13
RMAN                              COMPLETED                              0 10-AUG-13 10-AUG-13
...

There you have it.
That is how you take an Oracle RMAN backup.

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Oracle EBS Find Where Debug Is On

May 15th, 2018, posted in Oracle Queries
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Oracle EBS Find Where Debug Is On

If you have Debug is on at Site level then it will Impact the performance of the Instance, here is the script which will help you to quickly check your EBS Instance if ‘Debug’ is on (all level) of the EBS.

 

set linesize 160
col USER_PROFILE_OPTION_NAME for a30
col CONTEXT for a30
col VALUE for a30
col NAME for a30
 
SELECT po.profile_option_name "NAME",
po.USER_PROFILE_OPTION_NAME,
decode(to_char(pov.level_id),
'10001', 'SITE',
'10002', 'APP',
'10003', 'RESP',
'10005', 'SERVER',
'10006', 'ORG',
'10004', 'USER', '???') "LEV",
decode(to_char(pov.level_id),
'10001', '',
'10002', app.application_short_name,
'10003', rsp.responsibility_key,
'10005', svr.node_name,
'10006', org.name,
'10004', usr.user_name,
'???') "CONTEXT",
pov.profile_option_value "VALUE"
FROM FND_PROFILE_OPTIONS_VL po,
FND_PROFILE_OPTION_VALUES pov,
fnd_user usr,
fnd_application app,
fnd_responsibility rsp,
fnd_nodes svr,
hr_operating_units org
WHERE po.user_profile_option_name like '%Debug%'
AND pov.profile_option_value='Y'
AND pov.application_id = po.application_id
AND pov.profile_option_id = po.profile_option_id
AND usr.user_id (+) = pov.level_value
AND rsp.application_id (+) = pov.level_value_application_id
AND rsp.responsibility_id (+) = pov.level_value
AND app.application_id (+) = pov.level_value
AND svr.node_id (+) = pov.level_value
AND org.organization_id (+) = pov.level_value;

Sample ouptut:

 

NAME                           USER_PROFILE_OPTION_NAME       LEV      CONTEXT                        VALUE
---------------------------    ----------------------------   ------   ---------------------------    ---------------
AFLOG_ENABLED                  FND: Debug Log Enabled         USER     SA-USER1                       Y
FND_CONC_ALLOW_DEBUG           Concurrent: Allow Debugging    RESP     XXXX_CE_SUP_MY-MYR-GE          Y
PRINT_DEBUG                    FA: Print Debug                USER     SA-USER2                       Y
PO_SET_DEBUG_WORKFLOW_ON       PO: Set Debug Workflow ON      USER     SA-USER3                       Y
PA_DEBUG_MODE                  PA: Debug Mode                 USER     SA-USER4                       Y
SO_DEBUG                       OE: Debug                      SITE                                    Y
MSC_JAVA_DEBUG                 MSC: Enable Java Debug         SITE                                    Y
 
7 rows selected.
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Find Concurrent Manager Jobs By Query

May 6th, 2018, posted in Oracle Queries
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Query :

 

select sess.sid,
 sess.sql_hash_value,
 oracle_process_id OS_PROCESS_ID,
 fusr.description user_name ,
 fcp.user_concurrent_program_name progName,
 to_char(actual_Start_date,'DD-MON-YYYY HH24:MI:SS') StartDate,
 request_id RequestId,
 (sysdate - actual_start_date)*24*60 ETime_in_Mins
from apps.fnd_concurrent_requests fcr,
 apps.fnd_concurrent_programs_tl fcp,
 apps.fnd_user fusr,
 v$session sess
where fcp.concurrent_program_id = fcr.concurrent_program_id
 and fcr.program_application_id = fcp.application_id
 and fcp.language = 'US'
 and fcr.phase_code = 'R'
 and fcr.status_code = 'R'
 and fcr.requested_by = fusr.user_id
 and fcr.oracle_session_id = sess.audsid (+)
-- and p.addr = sess.paddr
 order by 6 DESC
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